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bile

[bahyl]
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noun
  1. Physiology. a bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, that aids in absorption and digestion, especially of fats.
  2. ill temper; peevishness.
  3. Old Physiology. either of two humors associated with anger and gloominess.
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Origin of bile

1655–65; < French < Latin bīlis
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for bile

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • When you bile potaters, don't you let 'em run over onto the stove.

    Meadow Grass

    Alice Brown

  • The various kinds of bile have names answering to their colours.

    Timaeus

    Plato

  • There is a third class of diseases which are produced, some by wind and some by phlegm and some by bile.

    Timaeus

    Plato

  • But the other kinds of bile are variously distinguished by their colours.

    Timaeus

    Plato

  • Inflammations of the body come from burnings and inflamings, and all of them originate in bile.

    Timaeus

    Plato


British Dictionary definitions for bile

bile1

noun
  1. a bitter greenish to golden brown alkaline fluid secreted by the liver and stored in the gall bladder. It is discharged during digestion into the duodenum, where it aids the emulsification and absorption of fats
  2. irritability or peevishness
  3. archaic either of two bodily humours, one of which (black bile) was thought to cause melancholy and the other (yellow bile) anger
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Word Origin

C17: from French, from Latin bīlis, probably of Celtic origin; compare Welsh bustl bile

bile2

verb
  1. a Scot word for boil 1
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bile

n.

1660s, from French bile (17c.) "bile," also, informally, "anger," from Latin bilis "fluid secreted by the liver," also one of the four humors (also known as choler), thus "anger, peevishness" (especially as black bile, 1797).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

bile in Medicine

bile

(bīl)
n.
  1. A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum and aids in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats.gall1
  2. Either of two bodily humors, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

bile in Science

bile

[bīl]
  1. A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, concentrated and stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum of the small intestine. It helps in the digestion of fats and the neutralization of acids, such as the hydrochloric acid secreted by the stomach. Bile consists of salts, acids, cholesterol, lipids, pigments, and water.Bile salts help in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats.Bile pigments are waste products formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin from old red blood cells.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

bile in Culture

bile

A bitter fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile is discharged into the small intestine when needed to aid in the digestion of fats (see digestive system).

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Note

Bile is sometimes used figuratively to denote bitterness in general: “His writing was full of bile.”
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.