centum

1
[ sen-tuhm ]
/ ˈsɛn təm /

noun

one hundred.

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Origin of centum

1
From Latin; see origin at hundred

Definition for centum (2 of 2)

centum2
[ ken-tuhm, -toom ]
/ ˈkɛn təm, -tʊm /

adjective

belonging to or consisting of those branches of the Indo-European family of languages that preserve the Proto-Indo-European labiovelar stops but merge the palatal stops into the velar stops. The centum branches include Germanic, Celtic, Italic, and Hellenic.
Compare satem.

Origin of centum

2
First recorded in 1900–05; from Latin, exemplifying in c- the outcome of Indo-European palatal velar stops characteristic of the group
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

Example sentences from the Web for centum

British Dictionary definitions for centum

centum
/ (ˈsɛntəm) /

adjective

denoting or belonging to the Indo-European languages in which original velar stops (k) were not palatalized, namely languages of the Hellenic, Italic, Celtic, Germanic, Anatolian, and Tocharian branchesCompare satem

Word Origin for centum

Latin: hundred, chosen because the c represents the Indo-European k
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012