checks and balances
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Origin of checks and balances
Words nearby checks and balances
What does checks and balances mean?
Checks and balances refers to a system of power that is divided into parts or branches. Each branch can stop or limit the powers of the others. Checks and balances are frequently used in governments, especially national governments.
A system of checks and balances is fundamental to the United States’s federal government. The first three articles of the U.S. Constitution establish this system. The checks and balances ensure no one person or group has all the political power and can’t unjustly enforce their will on the nation’s citizens. The system is also intended to encourage cooperation, compromise, and debate between the branches of government.
America’s system of government is divided into the legislative branch, the judicial branch, and the executive branch. Each branch has ways it can limit the power of the others. Checks and balances exist at every level of American government (federal, state, and sometimes local).
At the federal level, the legislative branch is Congress, the judicial branch is the federal court system (at the top of which is the Supreme Court), and the executive branch is led by the president. Creating laws is one way the U.S. uses checks and balances. Congress suggests a law in a bill. When it has enough votes, the bill goes to the president, who can accept or reject (veto) it. If the president vetoes a bill, it goes back to Congress. Congress can make changes or vote on it again. If two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives (the two parts of Congress) approve it, the bill becomes a law. However, the Supreme Court can rule a law unconstitutional, which means it is no longer a law.
Why is checks and balances important?
The first records of the phrase checks and balances come from the 1780s, but the idea is much older. The modern system of checks and balances for a government comes from the political idea of a separation of powers, that is, the idea that a government’s power is shared among its branches.
Checks and balances don’t have to involve all the branches of a government. They can also be applied within a branch. The U.S. Congress, for example, is divided into the Senate and the House of Representatives, which have to agree on a bill in order for it to become a law.
Checks and balances also exist at the state level in the United States. All 50 states have state legislators, state judges, and state executives (governors) who have abilities to curb each other’s power similar to the federal level. Local governments (such as those of counties or cities) usually don’t follow this exact system, but a city may have a mayor and city council, which can check each other’s power.
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What are real-life examples of checks and balances?
Many Americans learn about checks and balances in civics classes. Attempts by politicians or government officials to ignore or override this system are often criticized.
Kenya to US: Our terror laws are better than yours, which lack checks and balances: http://t.co/VIfNopFCI0
— AP Politics (@AP_Politics) December 21, 2014
Right now McCain is looking like America's "Obi Wan"…..our last hope for checks and balances….. https://t.co/ezy223DTca
— Kwabena Smith (@KwabSmith) January 3, 2017
So for example, when there are checks and balances in place in government, they are not ‘the enemy’ of the government. They’re the road lane markings, the speed limits, the traffic control lights. If you think of every traffic light as your enemy, the road gets very dangerous.
— Alice R Fraser (@aliterative) September 25, 2020
What other words are related to checks and balances?
Under a system of checks and balances, absolute, unlimited power is given to:
A. the legislative branch
B. the executive branch
C. the judicial branch
D. no one
Example sentences from the Web for checks and balances
Such journalism is not a crime, but rather a crucial part of the checks-and-balances that go hand-in-hand with democracy.Japan’s new Secrets Bill Threatens To Muzzle The Press and Whistleblowers|Jake Adelstein, Nathalie-Kyoko Stucky|November 29, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Frustrating as our national discourse can be, the checks-and-balances of a pluralistic society certainly seems preferable to that.Atheist Philosopher Peter Boghossian’s Guide to Converting Believers|Michael Schulson|November 2, 2013|DAILY BEAST
British Dictionary definitions for checks and balances
Cultural definitions for checks and balances
A fundamental principle of American government, guaranteed by the Constitution, whereby each branch of the government (executive, judicial, and legislative) has some measure of influence over the other branches and may choose to block procedures of the other branches. Checks and balances prevent any one branch from accumulating too much power and encourage cooperation between branches as well as comprehensive debate on controversial policy issues. For example, to enact a federal law, the Senate and the House of Representatives must each vote to pass the law. In this sense, each house of Congress can check the other. Furthermore, even if the two houses do agree, the president must sign the law. If he chooses to veto the law, it can still be enacted if two-thirds of the members of both houses vote to override the veto. Under this arrangement, both Congress and the president can check each other. (See also appropriation, impeachment, judicial review, and separation of powers.)
Idioms and Phrases with checks and balances
System whereby each branch of an organization can limit the powers of the other branches, as in The union has used a system of checks and balances to prevent any large local from dominating its policies. This system was enacted through the Constitution of the United States in order to prevent any of its three branches from dominating the Federal government. The term is occasionally transferred to other mechanisms for balancing power.