[ kroh-muh ]
/ ˈkroʊ mə /


the purity of a color, or its freedom from white or gray.
intensity of distinctive hue; saturation of a color.

Origin of chroma

First recorded in 1885–90, chroma is from the Greek word chrôma color Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for chroma

British Dictionary definitions for chroma


/ (ˈkrəʊmə) /


the attribute of a colour that enables an observer to judge how much chromatic colour it contains irrespective of achromatic colour presentSee also saturation (def. 4)
(in colour television) the colour component in a composite coded signal

Word Origin for chroma

C19: from Greek khrōma colour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chroma



"quality or intensity of color," 1889, from Latinized form of Greek khroma "surface of the body, skin, color of the skin," also used generically for "color" and, in plural, "ornaments, embellishments," related to khros "surface of the body, skin," khrozein "to touch the surface of the body, to tinge, to color;" the root is explained as being somehow from PIE *ghreu- "to rub, grind" (see grit (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper