- the purity of a color, or its freedom from white or gray.
- intensity of distinctive hue; saturation of a color.
Origin of chroma
Examples from the Web for chroma
Three scales united,—each step a change of hue, value, and chroma.
Initial for hue, numeral above for value, numeral below for chroma.
Chroma is the quality by which we distinguish a strong color from a weak one.
For definitions of Hue, Value, and Chroma, see paragraphs 20–23.
Opposites unequal both in value and chroma (R7/3 and BG3/7).
- the attribute of a colour that enables an observer to judge how much chromatic colour it contains irrespective of achromatic colour presentSee also saturation (def. 4)
- (in colour television) the colour component in a composite coded signal
Word Origin and History for chroma
"quality or intensity of color," 1889, from Latinized form of Greek khroma "surface of the body, skin, color of the skin," also used generically for "color" and, in plural, "ornaments, embellishments," related to khros "surface of the body, skin," khrozein "to touch the surface of the body, to tinge, to color;" the root is explained as being somehow from PIE *ghreu- "to rub, grind" (see grit (n.)).