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chroma

[kroh-muh]
See more synonyms for chroma on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. the purity of a color, or its freedom from white or gray.
  2. intensity of distinctive hue; saturation of a color.
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Origin of chroma

First recorded in 1885–90, chroma is from the Greek word chrôma color
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for chroma

Historical Examples

  • Three scales united,—each step a change of hue, value, and chroma.

    A Color Notation

    Albert H. Munsell

  • Initial for hue, numeral above for value, numeral below for chroma.

    A Color Notation

    Albert H. Munsell

  • Chroma is the quality by which we distinguish a strong color from a weak one.

    A Color Notation

    Albert H. Munsell

  • For definitions of Hue, Value, and Chroma, see paragraphs 20–23.

    A Color Notation

    Albert H. Munsell

  • Opposites unequal both in value and chroma (R7/3 and BG3/7).

    A Color Notation

    Albert H. Munsell


British Dictionary definitions for chroma

chroma

noun
  1. the attribute of a colour that enables an observer to judge how much chromatic colour it contains irrespective of achromatic colour presentSee also saturation (def. 4)
  2. (in colour television) the colour component in a composite coded signal
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Word Origin

C19: from Greek khrōma colour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chroma

n.

"quality or intensity of color," 1889, from Latinized form of Greek khroma "surface of the body, skin, color of the skin," also used generically for "color" and, in plural, "ornaments, embellishments," related to khros "surface of the body, skin," khrozein "to touch the surface of the body, to tinge, to color;" the root is explained as being somehow from PIE *ghreu- "to rub, grind" (see grit (n.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper