a dry insoluble substance, usually pulverized, which when suspended in a liquid vehicle becomes a paint, ink, etc.
a coloring matter or substance.
Biology. any substance whose presence in the tissues or cells of animals or plants colors them.
verb (used with object)
to color; add pigment to.
verb (used without object)
to become pigmented; acquire color; develop pigmentation: a poor quality of paper that doesn't pigment well.
Origin of pigment
1350–1400; Middle EnglishRelated formshy·per·pig·ment·ed, adjectivenon·pig·ment·ed, adjectiveun·pig·ment·ed, adjective
< Latin pigmentum
paint, equivalent to pig-
(stem of pingere
) + -mentum -ment
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for pigment
Contemporary Examples of pigment
Historical Examples of pigment
"I need to know something about the pigment patches," he said jerkily.
And there were the splotches of pigment of which Calhoun had heard.
Tan also is due to pigment in the skin and is caused by light.
It is a matter of regret that this pigment is not equally efficacious in oil.
It has not been, however, employed as a pigment, or at least is not at present.
British Dictionary definitions for pigment
Derived Formspigmentary, adjective
a substance occurring in plant or animal tissue and producing a characteristic colour, such as chlorophyll in green plants and haemoglobin in red blood
any substance used to impart colour
a powder that is mixed with a liquid to give a paint, ink, etc
Word Origin for pigment
C14: from Latin pigmentum, from pingere to paint
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for pigment
late 14c., from Latin pigmentum "coloring matter, pigment, paint," figuratively "prnament," from stem of pingere "to color, paint" (see paint (v.)). Variants of this word could have been known in Old English (e.g. 12c. pyhmentum). As a verb from 1900. Related: Pigmented; pigmenting.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
A substance used as coloring.
Dry coloring matter, usually an insoluble powder to be mixed with water, oil, or another base to produce paint and similar products.
A substance that produces a characteristic color in tissue.
A medicinal preparation applied to the skin like paint.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
An organic compound that gives a characteristic color to plant or animal tissues and is involved in vital processes. Chlorophyll, which gives a green color to plants, and hemoglobin, which gives blood its red color, are examples of pigments.
A substance or material used as coloring.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.