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circulate

[ sur-kyuh-leyt ]
/ ˈsɜr kyəˌleɪt /
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See synonyms for: circulate / circulated / circulating / circulatory on Thesaurus.com

verb (used without object), cir·cu·lat·ed, cir·cu·lat·ing.
to move in a circle or circuit; move or pass through a circuit back to the starting point: Blood circulates throughout the body.
to pass from place to place, from person to person, etc.: She circulated among her guests.
to be distributed or sold, especially over a wide area.
Library Science. (of books and other materials) to be available for borrowing by patrons of a library for a specified period of time.
verb (used with object), cir·cu·lat·ed, cir·cu·lat·ing.
to cause to pass from place to place, person to person, etc.; disseminate; distribute: to circulate a rumor.
Library Science. to lend (books and other materials) to patrons of a library for a specified period of time.
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Origin of circulate

1425–75 for earlier senses; 1665–75 for current senses; late Middle English <Latin circulātus (past participle of circulārī to gather round one, Medieval Latin circulāre to encircle), equivalent to circul(us) circle + -ātus-ate1

OTHER WORDS FROM circulate

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use circulate in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for circulate

circulate
/ (ˈsɜːkjʊˌleɪt) /

verb
to send, go, or pass from place to place or person to persondon't circulate the news
to distribute or be distributed over a wide area
to move or cause to move through a circuit, system, etc, returning to the starting pointblood circulates through the body
to move in a circlethe earth circulates around the sun

Derived forms of circulate

circulative, adjectivecirculator, nouncirculatory, adjective

Word Origin for circulate

C15: from Latin circulārī to assemble in a circle, from circulus circle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for circulate

circulate
[ sûrkyə-lāt′ ]

To move in or flow through a circle or a circuit. Blood circulates through the body as it flows out from the heart to the tissues and back again.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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