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climate

[klahy-mit]
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noun
  1. the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years.
  2. a region or area characterized by a given climate: to move to a warm climate.
  3. the prevailing attitudes, standards, or environmental conditions of a group, period, or place: a climate of political unrest.
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Origin of climate

1350–1400 for earlier senses; 1595–1605 for def 2; Middle English climat < Latin clīmat- (stem of clīma) < Greek klīmat-, stem of klī́ma slope, equivalent to klī- (akin to klī́nein to slope, lean) + -ma noun suffix
Related formssub·cli·mate, noun

Synonyms

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3. mood, atmosphere, spirit, tone, temper.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for climate

climate

noun
  1. the long-term prevalent weather conditions of an area, determined by latitude, position relative to oceans or continents, altitude, etc
  2. an area having a particular kind of climate
  3. a prevailing trend or current of feelingthe political climate
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Derived Formsclimatic (klaɪˈmætɪk), climatical or climatal, adjectiveclimatically, adverb

Word Origin

C14: from Late Latin clima, from Greek klima inclination, region; related to Greek klinein to lean

usage

Climatic is sometimes wrongly used where climactic is meant. Climatic is properly used to talk about things relating to climate; climactic is used to describe something which forms a climax
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for climate

n.

late 14c., "horizontal zone of the earth," Scottish, from Old French climat "region, part of the earth," from Latin clima (genitive climatis) "region; slope of the Earth," from Greek klima "region, zone," literally "an inclination, slope," thus "slope of the Earth from equator to pole," from root of klinein "to slope, to lean" (see lean (v.)).

The angle of sun on the slope of the Earth's surface defined the zones assigned by early geographers. Early references in English, however, are in astrology works, as each of the seven (then) climates was held to be under the influence of one of the planets. Shift from "region" to "weather associated with a region" perhaps began in Middle English, certainly by c.1600.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

climate in Science

climate

[klīmĭt]
  1. The general or average weather conditions of a certain region, including temperature, rainfall, and wind. On Earth, climate is most affected by latitude, the tilt of the Earth's axis, the movements of the Earth's wind belts, the difference in temperatures of land and sea, and topography. Human activity, especially relating to actions relating to the depletion of the ozone layer, is also an important factor.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

climate in Culture

climate

A region's usual weather patterns. The climate at any point on Earth is determined by things such as the general movement of the atmosphere, the proximity of the oceans, and the altitude of the location.

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Note

The climate also is affected by the sun, by changes in the orbit of the Earth, by plate tectonics, and by human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, which may lead to a greenhouse effect.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.