weather

[weth-er]

noun

verb (used with object)

verb (used without object)


Idioms

    under the weather, Informal.
    1. somewhat indisposed; ailing; ill.
    2. suffering from a hangover.
    3. more or less drunk: Many fatal accidents are caused by drivers who are under the weather.

Origin of weather

before 900; Middle English (noun), Old English weder; cognate with Dutch weder, German Wetter, Old Norse vethr
Related formsweath·er·er, noun
Can be confusedweather whether whither wither (see synonym study at wither)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for weather

Contemporary Examples of weather

Historical Examples of weather


British Dictionary definitions for weather

weather

noun

  1. the day-to-day meteorological conditions, esp temperature, cloudiness, and rainfall, affecting a specific placeCompare climate (def. 1)
  2. (modifier)relating to the forecasting of weathera weather ship
a prevailing state or condition
make heavy weather
  1. (of a vessel) to roll and pitch in heavy seas
  2. (foll by of)to carry out with great difficulty or unnecessarily great effort
under the weather informal
  1. not in good health
  2. intoxicated

adjective

(prenominal) on or at the side or part towards the wind; windwardthe weather anchor Compare lee (def. 4)

verb

to expose or be exposed to the action of the weather
to undergo or cause to undergo changes, such as discoloration, due to the action of the weather
(intr) to withstand the action of the weather
(when intr, foll by through) to endure (a crisis, danger, etc)
(tr) to slope (a surface, such as a roof, sill, etc) so as to throw rainwater clear
(tr) to sail to the windward ofto weather a point
Derived Formsweatherability, nounweatherer, noun

Word Origin for weather

Old English weder; related to Old Saxon wedar, Old High German wetar, Old Norse vethr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for weather
n.

Old English weder, from Proto-Germanic *wedran (cf. Old Saxon wedar, Old Norse veðr, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch, Dutch weder, Old High German wetar, German Wetter "storm, wind, weather"), from PIE *we-dhro-, "weather," from root *we- "to blow" (see wind (n.)). Spelling with -th- first appeared 15c., though pronunciation may be much older.

Weather-beaten is from 1520s. Under the weather "indisposed" is from 1827. Greek had words for "good weather" (aithria, eudia) and words for "storm" and "winter," but no generic word for "weather" until kairos (literally "time") began to be used as such in Byzantine times. Latin tempestas "weather" (see tempest) also originally meant "time;" and words for "time" also came to mean weather in Irish (aimsir), Serbo-Croatian (vrijeme), Polish (czas), etc.

v.

"come through safely," 1650s, from weather (n.). Sense of "wear away by exposure" is from 1757. Related: Weathered; weathering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

weather in Science

weather

[wĕðər]

The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. Weather is described in terms of variable conditions such as temperature, humidity, wind velocity, precipitation, and barometric pressure. Weather on Earth occurs primarily in the troposphere, or lower atmosphere, and is driven by energy from the Sun and the rotation of the Earth. The average weather conditions of a region over time are used to define a region's climate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

weather in Culture

weather

The daily conditions of the atmosphere in terms of temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, and moisture.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with weather

weather

In addition to the idiom beginning with weather

  • weather the storm

also see:

  • fair-weather friend
  • heavy going (weather)
  • keep a weather eye out
  • under the weather
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.