View synonyms for condition


[ kuhn-dish-uhn ]


  1. a particular mode of being of a person or thing; existing state; situation with respect to circumstances.
  2. state of health:

    He was reported to be in critical condition.

  3. fit or requisite state:

    to be out of condition;

    to be in no condition to run.

  4. social position:

    in a lowly condition.

  5. a restricting, limiting, or modifying circumstance:

    It can happen only under certain conditions.

  6. a circumstance indispensable to some result; prerequisite; that on which something else is contingent:

    conditions of acceptance.

  7. Usually conditions. existing circumstances:

    poor living conditions.

  8. something demanded as an essential part of an agreement; provision; stipulation:

    He accepted on one condition.

    Synonyms: proviso, requirement

  9. Law.
    1. a stipulation in an agreement or instrument transferring property that provides for a change consequent on the occurrence or nonoccurrence of a stated event.
    2. the event upon which this stipulation depends.
  10. Informal. an abnormal or diseased state of part of the body:

    heart condition;

    skin condition.

  11. U.S. Education.
    1. a requirement imposed on a college student who fails to reach the prescribed standard in a course at the end of the regular period of instruction, permitting credit to be established by later performance.
    2. the course or subject to which the requirement is attached.
  12. Logic. the antecedent of a conditional proposition.

verb (used with object)

  1. to put in a fit or proper state.
  2. to accustom or inure:

    to condition oneself to the cold.

  3. to air-condition.
  4. to form or be a condition of; determine, limit, or restrict as a condition.
  5. to subject to particular conditions or circumstances:

    Her studies conditioned her for her job.

  6. U.S. Education. to impose a condition on (a student).
  7. to test (a commodity) to ascertain its condition.
  8. to make (something) a condition; stipulate.
  9. Psychology. to establish a conditioned response in (a subject).
  10. Textiles.
    1. to test (fibers or fabrics) for the presence of moisture or other foreign matter.
    2. to replace moisture lost from (fibers or fabrics) in manipulation or manufacture.

verb (used without object)

  1. to make conditions.


/ kənˈdɪʃən /


  1. a particular state of being or existence; situation with respect to circumstances

    the human condition

  2. something that limits or restricts something else; a qualification

    you may enter only under certain conditions

  3. plural external or existing circumstances

    conditions were right for a takeover

  4. state of health or physical fitness, esp good health (esp in the phrases in condition, out of condition )
  5. an ailment or physical disability

    a heart condition

  6. something indispensable to the existence of something else

    your happiness is a condition of mine

  7. something required as part of an agreement or pact; terms

    the conditions of the lease are set out

  8. law
    1. a declaration or provision in a will, contract, etc, that makes some right or liability contingent upon the happening of some event
    2. the event itself
  9. logic a statement whose truth is either required for the truth of a given statement (a necessary condition ) or sufficient to guarantee the truth of the given statement (a sufficient condition ) See sufficient necessary
  10. maths logic a presupposition, esp a restriction on the domain of quantification, indispensable to the proof of a theorem and stated as part of it
  11. statistics short for experimental condition
  12. rank, status, or position in life
  13. on condition that or upon condition that
    conjunction provided that
“Collins English Dictionary — Complete & Unabridged” 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012


  1. psychol
    1. to alter the response of (a person or animal) to a particular stimulus or situation
    2. to establish a conditioned response in (a person or animal)
  2. to put into a fit condition or state
  3. to improve the condition of (one's hair) by use of special cosmetics
  4. to accustom or inure
  5. to subject to a condition
  6. archaic.
    intr to make conditions
“Collins English Dictionary — Complete & Unabridged” 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Other Words From

  • con·di·tion·a·ble adjective
  • un·con·di·tion verb (used with object)
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Word History and Origins

Origin of condition1

First recorded in 1275–1325; Middle English condicioun, from Old French, from Latin condiciōn-, stem of condiciō “agreement,” equivalent to con- con- + dic-, stem of dīcere “to say” + -iō -ion
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Word History and Origins

Origin of condition1

C14: from Latin conditiō, from condīcere to discuss, agree together, from con- together + dīcere to say
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Idioms and Phrases

  1. on / upon condition that, with the promise or provision that; provided that; if:

    She accepted the position on condition that there would be opportunity for advancement.

More idioms and phrases containing condition

see in condition ; mint condition ; on condition that ; out of condition .
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Synonym Study

See state.
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Example Sentences

Most of the time, you’re better off running a modern studless winter tire, like these Nokians, and staying home if conditions reach the point where those might not be enough.

As you might imagine, we have several duplicates of kitchen gadgets, all of which are in very good condition.

None of it was easy, but it taught her a lot about the human condition.

Police say she’s listed in critical condition at a hospital.

She alleged that they were responsible for the crash because Zobayan had not properly checked the weather before taking off and had flown into unsafe conditions.

At St. Barnabas Hospital, Pellerano was listed in stable condition with wounds to his chest and arm.

Dossi initially was listed in critical condition with wounds to his arm and lower back.

When we meet them, their lives are unfulfilled, and at no point are we convinced their condition will change.

So, what happens if nothing in his training has replicated such a dire condition?

The official spoke on condition of anonymity so as not to harm future access to those embattled communities.

There he gave orders for the car to be put into running condition for the following morning, and returned to the hotel.

Soon after that, I wrote you in regard to the condition in which we found this infant Church and Colony.

The men arrived in very bad condition, and many of them blinded with the salt water which had dashed into their eyes.

Mlle. Mayer had been for some time in a depressed condition, and her friends had been anxious about her.

Condition of the archbishopric of Manila in regard to the affairs of ecclesiastical and secular government.


Related Words

Definitions and idiom definitions from Unabridged, based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

Idioms from The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.