conditioning

[ kuh n-dish-uh-ning ]
/ kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ /

noun Psychology.

Also called operant conditioning, instrumental conditioning. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed until the subject associates the action with pleasure or distress.
Also called classical conditioning, Pavlovian conditioning, respondent conditioning. a process in which a stimulus that was previously neutral, as the sound of a bell, comes to evoke a particular response, as salivation, by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that normally evokes the response, as the taste of food.

Origin of conditioning

First recorded in 1915–20; condition + -ing1

Related forms

self-con·di·tion·ing, adjective

Definition for conditioning (2 of 2)

condition

[ kuh n-dish-uh n ]
/ kənˈdɪʃ ən /

noun

verb (used with object)

verb (used without object)

to make conditions.

Origin of condition

1275–1325; Middle English condicioun < Anglo-French; Old French < Latin condiciōn- (stem of condiciō) agreement, equivalent to con- con- + dic- say (see dictate) + -iōn- -ion; spelling with t by influence of Late Latin or Medieval Latin forms; compare French condition

SYNONYMS FOR condition

1 See state.
8 requirement, proviso.

Related forms

con·di·tion·a·ble, adjectiveun·con·di·tion, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for conditioning

British Dictionary definitions for conditioning (1 of 2)

conditioning

/ (kənˈdɪʃənɪŋ) /

noun

psychol the learning process by which the behaviour of an organism becomes dependent on an event occurring in its environmentSee also classical conditioning, instrumental learning

adjective

(of a shampoo, cosmetic, etc) intended to improve the condition of somethinga conditioning rinse

British Dictionary definitions for conditioning (2 of 2)

condition

/ (kənˈdɪʃən) /

noun

verb (mainly tr)

Word Origin for condition

C14: from Latin conditiō, from condīcere to discuss, agree together, from con- together + dīcere to say
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for conditioning (1 of 2)

conditioning

[ kən-dĭshə-nĭng ]

n.

A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to associate a desired behavior with a previously unrelated stimulus.

Medicine definitions for conditioning (2 of 2)

condition

[ kən-dĭshən ]

n.

A disease or physical ailment.
A state of health or physical fitness.

v.

To cause an organism to respond in a specific manner to a conditioned stimulus in the absence of an unconditioned stimulus.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for conditioning

conditioning

[ kən-dĭshə-nĭng ]

See classical conditioning.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with conditioning

condition


see in condition; mint condition; on condition that; out of condition.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.