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training

[trey-ning]
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noun
  1. the education, instruction, or discipline of a person or thing that is being trained: He's in training for the Olympics.
  2. the status or condition of a person who has been trained: athletes in top training.
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adjective
  1. of, relating to, or used in or for training: a training manual.
  2. intended for use during an introductory, learning, or transitional period: a training cup for weaning a baby; a training bra.
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Origin of training

1400–50; late Middle English (noun); see train, -ing1, -ing2
Related formshalf-train·ing, adjectivenon·train·ing, adjective, nounpre·train·ing, nounself-train·ing, noun

Synonyms

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1. See education.

train

[treyn]
noun
  1. Railroads. a self-propelled, connected group of rolling stock.
  2. a line or procession of persons, vehicles, animals, etc., traveling together.
  3. Military. an aggregation of vehicles, animals, and personnel accompanying an army to carry supplies, baggage, ammunition, etc.
  4. a series or row of objects or parts.
  5. Machinery. a connected set of three or more rotating elements, usually gears, through which force is transmitted, or motion or torque changed.
  6. order, especially proper order: Matters were in good train.
  7. something that is drawn along; a trailing part.
  8. an elongated part of a skirt or robe trailing behind on the ground.
  9. a trail or stream of something from a moving object.
  10. a line or succession of persons or things following one after the other.
  11. a body of followers or attendants; retinue.
  12. a series of proceedings, events, ideas, etc.
  13. the series of results or circumstances following or proceeding from an event, action, etc.; aftermath: Disease came in the train of war.
  14. a succession of connected ideas; a course of reasoning: to lose one's train of thought.
  15. Astronomy.
    1. the trace of light created by a meteor falling through the earth's atmosphere.
    2. the tail of a comet.
  16. a line of combustible material, as gunpowder, for leading fire to an explosive charge.
  17. Physics. a succession of wave fronts, oscillations, or the like.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to develop or form the habits, thoughts, or behavior of (a child or other person) by discipline and instruction: to train an unruly boy.
  2. to make proficient by instruction and practice, as in some art, profession, or work: to train soldiers.
  3. to make (a person) fit by proper exercise, diet, practice, etc., as for an athletic performance.
  4. to discipline and instruct (an animal), as in the performance of tasks or tricks.
  5. to treat or manipulate so as to bring into some desired form, position, direction, etc.: to train one's hair to stay down.
  6. Horticulture. to bring (a plant, branch, etc.) into a particular shape or position, by bending, pruning, or the like.
  7. to bring to bear on some object; point, aim, or direct, as a firearm, camera, telescope, or eye.
  8. to entice; allure.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to give the discipline and instruction, drill, practice, etc., designed to impart proficiency or efficiency.
  2. to undergo discipline and instruction, drill, etc.
  3. to get oneself into condition for an athletic performance through exercise, diet, practice, etc.
  4. to travel or go by train: to train to New York.
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Origin of train

1350–1400; (v.) late Middle English traynyn to pull or drag in the rear < Middle French trainer, Old French tra(h)iner < Vulgar Latin *tragīnāre, derivative of *tragīna something dragged or drawn (compare Medieval Latin tragīna carriage), derivative of *tragere to pull, for Latin trahere; (noun) Middle English train, traine < Old French tra(h)in (masculine) series of people, animals, or things, tra(h)ine (feminine) something dragged behind, both derivative of tra(h)iner
Related formstrain·less, adjectivehalf-trained, adjectivemin·i·train, nounmis·train, verbnon·trained, adjectiveo·ver·train, verbpre·train, verb (used with object)self-trained, adjectivesem·i·trained, adjectivesu·per·train, verbun·der·train, verb (used with object)un·der·trained, adjectiveun·trained, adjectivewell-trained, adjective

Synonym study

18, 19. See teach.

Synonyms

See more synonyms for train on Thesaurus.com
3. convoy. 6. array, arrangement. 10. file, column. 19. exercise, drill, practice, school.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for training

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • The training by her father, too, had been of a superior kind.

    Within the Law

    Marvin Dana

  • These children, grown up, knew no other methods of training.

  • Mark my word, Miss Harrison, she'll never finish her training; she'll marry him.

    K

    Mary Roberts Rinehart

  • Dr. Ed says Max wants you to give up your training and marry him now.

    K

    Mary Roberts Rinehart

  • The first includes all the force of discipline and training.


British Dictionary definitions for training

training

noun
    1. the process of bringing a person, etc, to an agreed standard of proficiency, etc, by practice and instructiontraining for the priesthood; physical training
    2. (as modifier)training college
  1. in training
    1. undergoing physical training
    2. physically fit
  2. out of training physically unfit
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train

verb
  1. (tr) to guide or teach (to do something), as by subjecting to various exercises or experiencesto train a man to fight
  2. (tr) to control or guide towards a specific goalto train a plant up a wall
  3. (intr) to do exercises and prepare for a specific purposethe athlete trained for the Olympics
  4. (tr) to improve or curb by subjecting to disciplineto train the mind
  5. (tr) to focus or bring to bear (on something)to train a telescope on the moon
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noun
    1. a line of coaches or wagons coupled together and drawn by a railway locomotive
    2. (as modifier)a train ferry
  1. a sequence or series, as of events, thoughts, etca train of disasters
  2. a procession of people, vehicles, etc, travelling together, such as one carrying supplies of ammunition or equipment in support of a military operation
  3. a series of interacting parts through which motion is transmitteda train of gears
  4. a fuse or line of gunpowder to an explosive charge, etc
  5. something drawn along, such as the long back section of a dress that trails along the floor behind the wearer
  6. a retinue or suite
  7. proper order or course
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Derived Formstrainable, adjectivetrainless, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Old French trahiner, from Vulgar Latin tragīnāre (unattested) to draw; related to Latin trahere to drag
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for training

train

n.

early 14c., "a drawing out, delay," later "trailing part of a skirt" (mid-15c.), also "retinue, procession" (mid-15c.), from Old French train (fem. traine), from trainer "to pull, draw," from Vulgar Latin *traginare, extended from *tragere "to pull," back-formation from tractus, past participle of Latin trahere "to pull, draw" (see tract (n.1)).

Train of thought first attested 1650s. The railroad sense is recorded from 1820 (publication year, dated 1816), from notion of a "train" of wagons or carriages pulled by a mechanical engine.

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train

v.

"instruct, discipline, teach," 1540s, probably from earlier sense of "draw out and manipulate in order to bring to a desired form" (late 14c.), specifically of the growth of branches, vines, etc. from mid-15c.; from train (n.). The meaning "to travel by railway" is recorded from 1856. Related: Trained; training.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with training

train

In addition to the idiom beginning with train

also see:

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.