See more synonyms for derive on
verb (used with object), de·rived, de·riv·ing.
  1. to receive or obtain from a source or origin (usually followed by from).
  2. to trace from a source or origin: English words derived from German.
  3. to reach or obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer.
  4. Chemistry. to produce or obtain (a substance) from another.
  5. Grammar. to create (a new linguistic form) by adding affixes to or changing the shape of a root or base: The word “runner” is derived from “run.”
verb (used without object), de·rived, de·riv·ing.
  1. to come from a source or origin; originate (often followed by from).

Origin of derive

1350–1400; Middle English diriven, deriven to flow, draw from, spring < Anglo-French, Old French deriver < Latin dērīvāre to lead off, equivalent to dē- de- + rīv(us) a stream + -āre infinitive suffix
Related formsde·riv·a·ble, adjectivede·riv·er, nounnon·de·riv·a·ble, adjectivepre·de·rive, verb (used with object), pre·de·rived, pre·de·riv·ing.self-de·rived, adjectiveun·de·riv·a·ble, adjectivewell-de·rived, adjective

Synonyms for derive

See more synonyms for on Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for deriving

Contemporary Examples of deriving

Historical Examples of deriving

  • For your indisposition prevents us from deriving any pleasure from this and other news.

    Lucretia Borgia

    Ferdinand Gregorovius

  • The foe were not slow in discovering this, and in deriving courage from their discovery.

    The Hour and the Man

    Harriet Martineau

  • Neither do they possess the faculty of deriving pleasure from kindness and generosity.

    Under Fire

    Frank A. Munsey

  • And deriving much comfort from this witticism, she went on her way.

  • I only feel some compunction in deriving that profit from it which you might yourself reap.

    Rich Enough

    Hannah Farnham Sawyer Lee

British Dictionary definitions for deriving


  1. (usually foll by from) to draw or be drawn (from) in source or origin; trace or be traced
  2. (tr) to obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer
  3. (tr) to trace the source or development of
  4. (usually foll by from) to produce or be produced (from) by a chemical reaction
  5. maths to obtain (a function) by differentiation
Derived Formsderivable, adjectivederiver, noun

Word Origin for derive

C14: from Old French deriver to spring from, from Latin dērīvāre to draw off, from de- + rīvus a stream
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for deriving



late 14c., from Old French deriver "to flow, pour out; derive, originate," from Latin derivare "to lead or draw off (a stream of water) from its source" (in Late Latin also "to derive"), from phrase de rivo (de "from" + rivus "stream;" see rivulet). Etymological sense is 1550s. Related: Derived; deriving.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

deriving in Medicine


  1. To obtain or receive from a source.
  2. To produce or obtain a chemical compound from another substance by chemical reaction.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.