[ verb ig-zas-puh-reyt; adjective ig-zas-per-it ]
/ verb ɪgˈzæs pəˌreɪt; adjective ɪgˈzæs pər ɪt /

verb (used with object), ex·as·per·at·ed, ex·as·per·at·ing.

to irritate or provoke to a high degree; annoy extremely: He was exasperated by the senseless delays.
Archaic. to increase the intensity or violence of (disease, pain, feelings, etc.).


Botany. rough; covered with hard, projecting points, as a leaf.

Origin of exasperate

1525–35; < Latin exasperātus (past participle of exasperāre to make rough, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + asper harsh, rough + -ātus -ate1

SYNONYMS FOR exasperate

Related forms

Can be confused

exacerbate exasperate

Synonym study

1. See irritate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for exasperatedly

  • He was exasperatedly conscious that he could not quite have sworn to him.

  • "For Heaven's sake, don't shout it," Miss Georgie interrupted, exasperatedly.

    Good Indian|B. M. Bower
  • "But you don't understand," insisted Pauline, exasperatedly.

  • It plays itself out quite consistently on the plane of her general, her instinctive, her exasperatedly conscious ones.

    Lady Barbarina|Henry James

British Dictionary definitions for exasperatedly


/ (ɪɡˈzɑːspəˌreɪt) /

verb (tr)

to cause great irritation or anger to; infuriate
to cause (an unpleasant feeling, condition, etc) to worsen; aggravate


botany having a rough prickly surface because of the presence of hard projecting points

Derived Forms

Word Origin for exasperate

C16: from Latin exasperāre to make rough, from asper rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012