[ verb ik-strakt or especially for 5, ek-strakt; noun ek-strakt ]
/ verb ɪkˈstrækt or especially for 5, ˈɛk strækt; noun ˈɛk strækt /

verb (used with object)


Origin of extract

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin extractus (past participle of extrahere). See ex-1, tract1


1 pry out.
6 evoke, educe, draw out, elicit. Extract, exact, extort, wrest imply using force to remove something. To extract is to draw forth something as by pulling, importuning, or the like: to extract a confession by torture. To exact is to impose a penalty, or to obtain by force or authority, something to which one lays claim: to exact payment. To extort is to wring something by intimidation or threats from an unwilling person: to extort money by threats of blackmail. To wrest is to take by force or violence in spite of active resistance: The courageous minority wrested power from their oppressors.
7 withdraw, distill.
10 citation, selection.
11 decoction, distillation.

Related forms

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for extractability


verb (ɪkˈstrækt) (tr)

noun (ˈɛkstrækt)

Derived Forms

extractable, adjectiveextractability, noun

Word Origin for extract

C15: from Latin extractus drawn forth, from extrahere, from trahere to drag


Extract is sometimes wrongly used where extricate would be better: he will find it difficult extricating (not extracting) himself from this situation
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for extractability


[ ĭk-străkt ]


To draw or pull out, using force or effort.
To obtain from a substance by chemical or mechanical action, as by pressure, distillation, or evaporation.
To remove for separate consideration or publication; excerpt.
To determine or calculate the root of a number.


A concentrated preparation of a drug obtained by removing the active constituents of the drug with suitable solvents, evaporating all or nearly all of the solvent, and adjusting the residual mass or powder to the prescribed standard.
A preparation of the essential constituents of a food or a flavoring; a concentrate.

Related forms

ex•tracta•ble null adj.ex•tractor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.