extroversion

[ ek-struh-vur-zhuhn, -shuhn, ek-struh-vur-, -stroh- ]
/ ˌɛk strəˈvɜr ʒən, -ʃən, ˈɛk strəˌvɜr-, -stroʊ- /

noun

a disposition that is energized through social engagement and languishes or chafes in solitude, resulting in a personality that is gregarious, outgoing, and sociable.
Psychology.
  1. the act of directing one's interest outward or to things outside the self.
  2. the state of being concerned primarily with things outside the self, with the external environment rather than with one's own thoughts and feelings.Compare introversion (def. 4).
Pathology. a turning inside out, as of the eyelids or of the bladder.

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Also ex·tra·ver·sion [ek-struh-vur-zhuhn, -shuhn; ek-struh-vur-] /ˌɛk strəˈvɜr ʒən, -ʃən; ˈɛk strəˌvɜr-/ .

Origin of extroversion

First recorded in 1650–60 and in 1915–20 for def. 2; from extro-, alternative form of Latin adverb and preposition extrā “outside,” formed on the model of the Latin adverb intrō “inside, indoors” + Medieval Latin versiōn- (stem of versiō ), derivative of versus, past participle of vertere “to turn”; see also extro-, verse

OTHER WORDS FROM extroversion

ex·tro·ver·sive, ex·tro·ver·tive, adjectiveex·tro·ver·sive·ly, ex·tro·ver·tive·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

VOCAB BUILDER

What does extroversion mean?

Extroversion is the state or quality of being an extrovert—someone said to have a personality type that is social and outgoing.

Extroversion is often contrasted with introversion (the state or quality of being an introvert) in the study, classification, and popular discussion of personality types.

Extroverts enjoy being around other people and tend to focus on the outside world, while introverts are the opposite—they prefer solitude and tend to focus on their own thoughts. Someone who displays extroversion can be described as extroverted.

Less commonly, the word can be spelled extraversion.

Example: Giovanni’s extroversion drew everyone in the room to him—he was endlessly outgoing.

Where does extroversion come from?

The first records of extroversion (and extrovert) come from the 1600s—around the same as introvert and introversion. These terms precede online personality quizzes by about 400 years, but it wasn’t until the 1900s that they began to be popularly used in the context of psychology to refer to people with certain personality types. The first part of extrovert is a variation of the prefix extra- (hence the variant spelling extravert), meaning “outside,” and the Latin vertere, meaning “to turn” (as in invert). Etymologically, introverts turn inward and extroverts turn outward.

While introverts are turning in for the night, extroverts are turning up at parties (and often texting their introvert friends to see if they’re coming). The concept of personality types like extrovert and introvert (among others) was developed by psychologist Carl Jung in the early 1900s. He described extroversion as generally involving responsiveness to other people, aggressiveness, and the ability to be quick with decision making. Extroverts thrive around other people, while introverts are thought to do best in familiar environments with less social uncertainty. Displaying extroversion is often seen as desirable. Though some people are highly extroverted, many personality type theories state that most people have at least some elements of introversion and extroversion.

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What are some other forms related to extroversion?

What are some words that share a root or word element with extroversion

What are some words that often get used in discussing extroversion?

How is extroversion used in real life?

Extroversion is often used in the context of personality tests that claim to be able to tell you what kind of personality type you are.

 

 

Try using extroversion!

Which of the following words is LEAST likely to be used to describe someone who displays extroversion?

A. outgoing
B. affable
C. gregarious
D. reserved

Example sentences from the Web for extroversion

British Dictionary definitions for extroversion

extroversion

extraversion

/ (ˌɛkstrəˈvɜːʃən) /

noun

psychol the directing of one's interest outwards, esp towards social contacts
pathol a turning inside out of an organ or part
Compare introversion

Derived forms of extroversion

extroversive or extraversive, adjectiveextroversively or extraversively, adverb

Word Origin for extroversion

C17: from extro- (variant of extra-, contrasting with intro-) + -version, from Latin vertere to turn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for extroversion

extroversion

n.

A turning inside out, as of an organ or part.
Interest in one's environment or in others as opposed to or to the exclusion of oneself.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.