extrovert

[ ek-struh-vurt, -stroh- ]
/ ˈɛk strəˌvɜrt, -stroʊ- /

noun

an outgoing, gregarious person.
Psychology. a person characterized by extroversion; a person concerned primarily with the physical and social environment (opposed to introvert).

adjective

Also ex·tro·vert·ed. Psychology. marked by extroversion.

verb (used with object)

Psychology. to direct (the mind, one's interest, etc.) outward or to things outside the self.

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advocate
Also extravert.

Origin of extrovert

1665–75; extro- + Latin vertere to turn

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH extrovert

extrovert introvert
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

VOCAB BUILDER

What does extrovert mean?

An extrovert is someone said to have a personality type that is social and outgoing.

The term extrovert is often contrasted with the term introvert in the study, classification, and popular discussion of personality types. Extroverts enjoy being around other people and tend to focus on the outside world, while introverts are the opposite—they prefer solitude and tend to focus on their own thoughts. Someone who’s an extrovert can be described as extroverted or as displaying extroversion. Less commonly, the word can be spelled extravert.

Example: Giovanni was the kind of extrovert who gave everyone a personalized greeting upon entering the room.

Where does extrovert come from?

The first records of extrovert come from the 1600s—around the same as introvert. Both terms precede online personality quizzes by about 400 years, but it wasn’t until the 1900s that they began to be popularly used in the context of psychology to refer to people with certain personality types. The first part of extrovert is a variation of the prefix extra- (hence the variant spelling extravert), meaning “outside,” and the Latin vertere, meaning “to turn” (as in invert). Etymologically, introverts turn inward and extroverts turn outward.

While introverts are turning in for the night, extroverts are turning up at parties (and often texting their introvert friends to see if they’re coming). The concept of personality types like extrovert and introvert (among others) was developed by psychologist Carl Jung in the early 1900s. He described extroverts as responsive to other people, aggressive, and able to be quick with decision making. Extroverts thrive around other people, while introverts are thought to do best in familiar environments with less social uncertainty. Having some extroverted qualities is often seen as desirable. Though some people are highly extroverted, many personality type theories state that most people have at least some elements of introversion and extroversion.

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What are some other forms related to extrovert?

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How is extrovert used in real life?

Extrovert is often used in the context of personality tests that claim to be able to tell you what kind of personality type you are. Many people label themselves as either an introvert or an extrovert, although most people have qualities of both.

 

 

Try using extrovert!

Which of the following would NOT be used to describe an extrovert?

A. outgoing
B. affable
C. gregarious
D. reserved

Example sentences from the Web for extrovert

British Dictionary definitions for extrovert

extrovert

extravert

psychol

noun

a person concerned more with external reality than inner feelings

adjective

of or characterized by extroversionextrovert tendencies
Compare introvert

Derived forms of extrovert

extroverted or extraverted, adjective

Word Origin for extrovert

C20: from extro- (variant of extra-, contrasting with intro-) + -vert, from Latin vertere to turn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for extrovert

extrovert

n.

An individual interested in others or in the environment as opposed to or to the exclusion of self.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Cultural definitions for extrovert

extrovert
[ (ek-struh-vurt) ]

A term introduced by the psychologist Carl Jung to describe a person whose motives and actions are directed outward. Extroverts are more prone to action than contemplation, make friends readily, adjust easily to social situations, and generally show warm interest in their surroundings. (Compare introvert.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.