• synonyms


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  1. a group or clique within a larger group, party, government, organization, or the like: a faction in favor of big business.
  2. party strife and intrigue; dissension: an era of faction and treason.
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Origin of faction1

1500–10; < Latin factiōn- (stem of factiō) a doing, company, equivalent to fact(us) done (see fact) + -iōn- -ion


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[fak-shuh n]
noun Informal.
  1. a form of writing or filmmaking that treats real people or events as if they were fictional or uses them as an integral part of a fictional account.
  2. a novel, film, play, or other presentation in this form.
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Origin of faction2

1965–70; blend of fact and fiction
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

clan, minority, junta, bloc, gang, party, wing, side, sect, sector, conclave, set, cabal, crowd, partnership, conspiracy, design, ring, unit, bunch

Examples from the Web for faction

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British Dictionary definitions for faction


  1. a group of people forming a minority within a larger body, esp a dissentious group
  2. strife or dissension within a group
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Derived Formsfactional, adjectivefactionalism, nounfactionalist, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin factiō a making, from facere to make, do


  1. a television programme, film, or literary work comprising a dramatized presentation of actual events
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Word Origin

C20: a blend of fact and fiction
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for faction


c.1500, from Middle French faction (14c.) and directly from Latin factionem (nominative factio) "political party, class of persons," literally "a making or doing," from past participle stem of facere "to do" (see factitious). In ancient Rome, "one of the companies of contractors for the chariot races in the circus."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

faction in Culture


A group formed to seek some goal within a political party or a government. The term suggests quarrelsome dissent from the course pursued by the party or government majority: “His administration is moderate, but it contains a faction of extremists.”

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.