- to abstain from all food.
- to eat only sparingly or of certain kinds of food, especially as a religious observance.
- to cause to abstain entirely from or limit food; put on a fast: to fast a patient for a day before surgery.
- an abstinence from food, or a limiting of one's food, especially when voluntary and as a religious observance; fasting.
- a day or period of fasting.
Origin of fast2
Examples from the Web for fasting
Now, it is the most traditional and celebrated Christmas cake in Germany—and definitely not associated with fasting.
Like Lent, the season of Advent was a period of reflection and fasting, and items such as dairy and sugar were forbidden.
And saints are a pretty svelte bunch, what with all the fasting and suffering.Keep Christmas Commercialized!
P. J. O’Rourke
December 6, 2014
Since this hearing was taking place during Ramadan, many of the Muslims had been fasting since sunrise.When Bigotry Comes to Your Hometown
July 11, 2014
This jives with his previous research that fasting can weaken cancer in mice.Fasting Might Regenerate Human Immune System
June 7, 2014
In prayer and penance and fasting he would find help and consolation.
But the results of his fasting were the reverse of his expectations.
There's nothing but prayer and penance and fasting left to us, is there?
You will need strength and courage, and neither is possible to a fasting body.The Sea-Hawk
They had done penance enough, fasting and waiting and standing all day long.Cyropaedia
- acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly; swift
- accomplished in or lasting a short timefast work; a fast visit
- (prenominal) adapted to or facilitating rapid movementthe fast lane of a motorway
- requiring rapidity of action or movementa fast sport
- (of a clock, etc) indicating a time in advance of the correct time
- given to an active dissipated life
- of or characteristic of such activitya fast life
- not easily moved; firmly fixed; secure
- firmly fastened, secured, or shut
- steadfast; constant (esp in the phrase fast friends)
- sport (of a playing surface, running track, etc) conducive to rapid speed, as of a ball used on it or of competitors playing or racing on it
- that will not fade or change colour readilya fast dye
- proof against fadingthe colour is fast to sunlight
- (in combination)washfast
- requiring a relatively short time of exposure to produce a given densitya fast film
- permitting a short exposure timea fast shutter
- cricket (of a bowler) characteristically delivering the ball rapidly
- informal glib or unreliable; deceptivea fast talker
- archaic sound; deepa fast sleep
- informal a deceptive or unscrupulous trick (esp in the phrase pull a fast one)
- fast worker a person who achieves results quickly, esp in seductions
- quickly; rapidly
- soundly; deeplyfast asleep
- firmly; tightly
- in quick succession
- in advance of the correct timemy watch is running fast
- in a reckless or dissipated way
- fast by or fast beside archaic close or hard by; very near
- play fast and loose informal to behave in an insincere or unreliable manner
- archery (said by the field captain to archers) stop shooting!
- (intr) to abstain from eating all or certain foods or meals, esp as a religious observance
- an act or period of fasting
- (as modifier)a fast day
Word Origin and History for fasting
Old English fæst "firmly fixed, steadfast, secure, enclosed," probably from Proto-Germanic *fastuz (cf. Old Frisian fest, Old Norse fastr, Dutch vast, German fest), from PIE root *past- "firm" (cf. Sanskrit pastyam "dwelling place").
The adverb meaning "quickly, swiftly" was perhaps in Old English, or from Old Norse fast, either way developing from the sense of "firmly, strongly, vigorously" (cf. to run hard means to run fast; also compare fast asleep), or perhaps from the notion of a runner who "sticks" close to whatever he is chasing.
The sense of "living an unrestrained life" (usually of women) is from 1746 (fast living is from 1745). Fast buck recorded from 1947; fast food is first attested 1951. Fast-forward first recorded 1948. Fast lane is by 1966; the fast track originally was in horse-racing (1934); figurative sense by 1960s. To fast talk someone (v.) is recorded by 1946.
Old English fæstan "to fast" (as a religious duty), from Proto-Germanic *fastejan (cf. Old Frisian festia, Old High German fasten, German fasten, Old Norse fasta), from the same root as fast (adj.).
The original meaning was "hold firmly," and the sense evolution is via "firm control of oneself," to "holding to observance" (cf. Gothic fastan "to keep, observe," also "to fast"). Presumably the whole group is a Germanic translation of Medieval Latin observare "to fast." Related: Fasted; fasting.
Old English fæstan, festen, or Old Norse fasta; from the root of fast (v.).