[fur-muh n, fer-mahn]

noun, plural fir·mans.

an edict or administrative order issued by or in the name of a Middle Eastern sovereign (formerly by an Ottoman Turkish sultan).

Origin of firman

1610–20; < Turkish ferman < Persian farmān Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for firman



an edict of an Oriental sovereign
any authoritative grant of permission

Word Origin for firman

C17: from Persian fermān
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012