gall

1
[ gawl ]
/ gɔl /
|||

noun

impudence; effrontery.
bile, especially that of an animal.
something bitter or severe.
bitterness of spirit; rancor.

Idioms

    gall and wormwood, bitterness of spirit; deep resentment.

Origin of gall

1
before 900; Middle English; Old English galla, gealla; cognate with German Galle; akin to Latin fel, Greek cholḗ gall, bile

Definition for gall (2 of 4)

gall

2
[ gawl ]
/ gɔl /

verb (used with object)

to make sore by rubbing; chafe severely: The saddle galled the horse's back.
to vex or irritate greatly: His arrogant manner galls me.

verb (used without object)

noun

Origin of gall

2
before 1000; Middle English galle (noun), gallen (v.) perhaps < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German gall, akin to Old English gealla sore on a horse

Related forms

un·galled, adjective

Definition for gall (3 of 4)

gall

3
[ gawl ]
/ gɔl /

noun

any abnormal vegetable growth or excrescence on plants, caused by various agents, as insects, nematodes, fungi, bacteria, viruses, chemicals, and mechanical injuries.

Origin of gall

3
1350–1400; Middle English galle < Middle French < Latin galla gallnut. See gall2

Definition for gall (4 of 4)

Gall

[ gawl ]
/ gɔl /

noun

Pizi, 1840?–94, leader of the Hunkpapa Sioux: a major chief in the battle of Little Bighorn.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for gall

British Dictionary definitions for gall (1 of 3)

gall

1
/ (ɡɔːl) /

noun

informal impudence
bitterness; rancour
something bitter or disagreeable
physiol an obsolete term for bile 1
an obsolete term for gall bladder

Word Origin for gall

from Old Norse, replacing Old English gealla; related to Old High German galla, Greek kholē

British Dictionary definitions for gall (2 of 3)

gall

2
/ (ɡɔːl) /

noun

a sore on the skin caused by chafing
something that causes vexation or annoyancea gall to the spirits
irritation; exasperation

verb

pathol to abrade (the skin, etc) as by rubbing
(tr) to irritate or annoy; vex

Word Origin for gall

C14: of Germanic origin; related to Old English gealla sore on a horse, and perhaps to gall 1

British Dictionary definitions for gall (3 of 3)

gall

3
/ (ɡɔːl) /

noun

an abnormal outgrowth in plant tissue caused by certain parasitic insects, fungi, bacteria, or mechanical injury

Word Origin for gall

C14: from Old French galle, from Latin galla
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Science definitions for gall

gall

[ gôl ]

An abnormal swelling of plant tissue, caused by injury or by parasitic organisms such as insects, mites, nematodes, and bacteria. Parasites stimulate the production of galls by secreting chemical irritants on or in the plant tissue. Galls stimulated by egg-laying parasites typically provide a protective environment in which the eggs can hatch and the pupae develop, and they usually do only minor damage to the host plant. Gall-stimulating fungi and microorganisms, such as the bacterium that causes crown gall, are generally considered to be plant diseases.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.