a full set of chromosomes; all the inheritable traits of an organism.
- Also ge·nom [jee-nom]. /ˈdʒi nɒm/.
- ge·no·mic [ji-noh-mik, -nom-ik], /dʒɪˈnoʊ mɪk, -ˈnɒm ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use genome in a sentence
The potential scale of the vanished genome and the volume of repeating bits of DNA are “insane,” says Arjan Banerjee, a biologist at the University of Toronto Mississauga also not involved with this study.A reeking, parasitic plant lost its body and much of its genetic blueprint | Jake Buehler | February 10, 2021 | Science News
Researchers used a form of adenovirus that can’t replicate and cause disease, and added the genetic material that encodes for the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein into its genome.Everything you need to know about Johnson & Johnson’s COVID vaccine | Philip Kiefer | February 1, 2021 | Popular-Science
Perri and her colleagues used already-sequenced genomes from ancient and modern dogs to calculate when populations had split or interbred, and then they repeated the process with human genomes.Dogs have been our best friends for at least 23,000 years | Kiona N. Smith | February 1, 2021 | Ars Technica
Other vertebrates have only one copy of a mitochondrial genome.Lizard-like tuatara carry two distinct mitochondrial genomes | Devin A. Reese | January 29, 2021 | Science News
When the researchers sequenced the tiger rattlesnake’s genome, they found that only about half of the venom-related genes it possessed were actually being used.Rattlesnake venom is lethal, but understanding it could save lives | Kate Baggaley | January 25, 2021 | Popular-Science
My old boss, T. Brooks Ellis, the director of the Human genome Project.The Walking Dead’s ‘Self Help’: A Grim Show Displays Its Comedy Streak, and A Major Reveal | Melissa Leon | November 10, 2014 | THE DAILY BEAST
This means that any children he has might have a typical genome, or they might, like him, be symptom-free carriers.
The European Union just granted 1.2 billion euro to the Human Brain Project—a sort of Human genome Project for the brain.The Science Community’s Fight Over an Artificial Brain | Elizabeth Picciuto | July 10, 2014 | THE DAILY BEAST
Federal dollars helped produce such scientific breakthroughs as the human genome project.
Scientists extract complete Neanderthal genome from fossil—97 percent match to A&E programming.Up to a Point: 2013 in Review and Predictions for 2014 | P. J. O’Rourke | January 1, 2014 | THE DAILY BEAST
The human genome project is now decoding the genetic mysteries of life.
Later this year, researchers will complete the first draft of the entire human genome--the very blueprint of life.
British Dictionary definitions for genome
the full complement of genetic material within an organism
all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
- genomic (dʒɪˈnɒmɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for genome
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in all cells except reproductive and red blood cells. The human genome is made up of about 20,000 to 25,000 genes. Compare proteome.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for genome
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.