• synonyms


[ jee-nohm ]
/ ˈdʒi noʊm /

noun Genetics.

a full set of chromosomes; all the inheritable traits of an organism.


Why Capitalization Matters When You Write Native AmericanThe definition of "Native American" is a lot more complicated than the genetics chart you get from your standard DNA testing center. Let's start with the capitalization issue.

Nearby words

genocopy, genodermatosis, genoese, genogram, genom, genome, genomic, genomic dna, genomic sequencing, genomics, genospecies
Also ge·nom [jee-nom] /ˈdʒi nɒm/.

Origin of genome

1925–30; < German Genom, equivalent to Gen gene + (Chromos)om chromosome
Related formsge·no·mic [ji-noh-mik, -nom-ik] /dʒɪˈnoʊ mɪk, -ˈnɒm ɪk/, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for genome

  • Scientists extract complete Neanderthal genome from fossil—97 percent match to A&E programming.

    Up to a Point: 2013 in Review and Predictions for 2014|P. J. O’Rourke|January 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
  • And Kandel said the goal of the Genome Project, to map all genes in human DNA, was much clearer than BRAIN.

  • The scientists tracked the words in the "Iliad" the way they would track genes in a genome.

    How Old is the Illiad?|Justin Green|March 1, 2013|DAILY BEAST
  • They tend to be in places in the genome which do not have a known disease-related function.

British Dictionary definitions for genome



/ (ˈdʒiːnəʊm) /


the full complement of genetic material within an organism
all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
Derived Formsgenomic (dʒɪˈnɒmɪk), adjective

Word Origin for genome

C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos) ome
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for genome



"sum total of genes in a set," 1930, modeled on German genom, coined 1920 by German botanist Hans Winkler, from gen "gene" + (chromos)om "chromosome."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for genome


[ jēnōm′ ]


A complete haploid set of chromosomes with its associated genes.
Related formsge•nomic (-nŏmĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for genome


[ jēnōm ]

The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in all cells except reproductive and red blood cells. The human genome is made up of about 20,000 to 25,000 genes. Compare proteome.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Culture definitions for genome


[ (jee-nohm) ]

The sum of all information contained in the DNA for any living thing. The sequence of all the nucleotides in all the chromosomes of an organism.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.