[ hee-muh-lahyz, hem-uh- ]
/ 藞hi m蓹藢la瑟z, 藞h蓻m 蓹- /
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verb (used with object), he路mo路lyzed, he路mo路lyz路ing.
to subject (red blood cells) to hemolysis.
verb (used without object), he路mo路lyzed, he路mo路lyz路ing.
to undergo hemolysis.
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Which of the following nouns has an irregular plural form?

Origin of hemolyze

First recorded in 1900鈥05; hemo- + -lyze
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 漏 Random House, Inc. 2022


What does hemolyze mean?

Hemolyze means to undergo hemolysis or to force red blood cells to undergo hemolysis.

Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body. Hemolysis is the destruction of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin, the pigment that carries oxygen.

Normally, red blood cells have a lifespan of up to 120 days. Around this time, they will naturally start to break down and hemolyze on their own. Destroyed red blood cells are then removed from the bloodstream by the spleen.

However, something else may hemolyze red blood cells, such as animal venom, toxic microorganisms, or abnormal conditions, like sickle cell anemia or hypersplenism. Because the cells are being destroyed sooner than they should be, the body can鈥檛 create new cells fast enough to maintain a healthy level of cells. This condition is known as anemia, a disorder where there is a shortage of oxygen in the blood due to insufficient red blood cells.

Why is hemolyze important?

The first records of hemolyze come from around 1900. It combines hemo, meaning 鈥渂lood,鈥 and lyze, a combining form that makes verbs from nouns that end in –lysis (such as hemolysis).

As you might expect, red blood cells being prematurely hemolyzed is dangerous. Anemia is a serious condition that can lead to death if the oxygen shortage gets especially severe.

Besides this, abnormally frequent red blood cell hemolyzing can lead to a variety of health problems, such as fatigue, skin paleness, jaundice, dizziness, heart murmur, and enlargement of the spleen or liver.

Did you know 鈥 ?

Hospitals and research laboratories must take care that their blood samples or blood supplies aren鈥檛 hemolyzed, because hemolyzed blood samples are worthless for research and testing and hemolyzed blood can鈥檛 be used in blood transfusions. Major health organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have conducted research on the best methods to prevent blood from being hemolyzed.

What are real-life examples of hemolyze?

The word hemolyze is most likely to be used by doctors, nurses, scientists, or another medical professional that handles blood.


What other words are related to hemolyze?

Quiz yourself!

True or False?

Red blood cells will only hemolyze when affected by disease.

Medical definitions for hemolyze

[ h膿m蓹-l墨z鈥 ]

To undergo or cause to undergo hemolysis.
The American Heritage庐 Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright 漏 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.