adjective, long·er [lawng-ger, long-] /ˈlɔŋ gər, ˈlɒŋ-/, long·est [lawng-gist, long-] /ˈlɔŋ gɪst, ˈlɒŋ-/.
- lasting a relatively long time: “Feed” has a longer sound than “feet” or “fit.”
- belonging to a class of sounds considered as usually longer in duration than another class, as the vowel of bought as compared to that of but, and in many languages serving as a distinctive feature of phonemes, as the ah in German Bahn in contrast with the a in Bann, or the tt in Italian fatto in contrast with the t in fato (opposed to short).
- having the sound of the English vowels in mate, meet, mite, mote, moot, and mute, historically descended from vowels that were long in duration.
- marked by a large difference in the numbers of the given betting ratio or in the amounts wagered: long odds.
- of or relating to the larger amount bet.
- lonely hearts,
- long abductor muscle of thumb,
- long account,
- long ago,
- long and short of it, the,
- long arm
- provided that: As long as you can come by six, I'll be here.
- seeing that; since: As long as you're going to the grocery anyway, buy me a pint of ice cream.
- Also so long as.during the time that; through the period that: As long as we were neighbors, they never invited us inside their house.
Origin of long1
Examples from the Web for longest
“That was the longest, most severe S/M session I have experienced in my thirty-four-year tenure,” she writes in the book.
The result was a kind of stylized, Instragram documentary of what had already become the longest war in American history.War Is About More Than Heroes, Martyrs, and Patriots|Nathan Bradley Bethea|November 12, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Because I love the idea that clothes will be shown for the longest time.
The documentary is the longest video produced by ISIS so far.
It probably was the longest gap between feature films in my career.
What was the longest time you ever took to dress or undress and say your prayers?Bunyan Characters (Second Series)|Alexander Whyte
Raud had another exceptionally large ship, the longest in Norway, and till the "Crane" was built the swiftest also.Famous Sea Fights|John Richard Hale
A higher place is taken in his work by the longest poem he sends his brother in the same metre, Fancy.Life of John Keats|Sidney Colvin
A common plan is to use all the longest and deepest sows of the first cross for breeding baconers.Australia The Dairy Country|Australia Department of External Affairs
They hastily told her their plans, and asked her for the longest ropes she had, as they would want all they could get.Tales of the Toys, Told by Themselves|Frances Freeling Broderip
- (postpositive)of a specified number of units in extent or durationthree hours long
- (in combination)a two-foot-long line
- of relatively considerable duration
- classified as long, as distinguished from the quality of other vowels
- (in popular usage) denoting the qualities of the five English vowels in such words as mate, mete, mite, moat, moot, and mute
- denoting a vowel of relatively great duration or (esp in classical verse) followed by more than one consonant
- denoting a syllable containing such a vowel
- (in verse that is not quantitative) carrying the emphasis or ictus
- for or during just the length of time that
- inasmuch as; since
- provided that; if
Word Origin for long
Word Origin for long
Word Origin for long
"that extends considerably from end to end," Old English lang "long," from Proto-Germanic *langgaz (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon lang, Old High German and German lang, Old Norse langr, Middle Dutch lanc, Dutch lang, Gothic laggs "long").
The Germanic words are perhaps from PIE *dlonghos- (cf. Latin longus, Old Persian darga-, Persian dirang, Sanskrit dirghah, Greek dolikhos "long," Greek endelekhes "perpetual," Latin indulgere "to indulge"), from root *del- "long."
The adverb is from Old English lange, longe, from the adjective. No longer "not as formerly" is from c.1300; to be not long for this world "soon to die" is from 1714.
The word illustrates the Old English tendency for short "a" to become short "o" before -n- (also retained in bond/band and West Midlands dialectal lond from land and hond from hand).
Long vowels (c.1000) originally were pronounced for an extended time. Sporting long ball is from 1744, originally in cricket. Long jump as a sporting event is attested from 1864. A ship's long-boat so called from 1510s. Long knives, name Native Americans gave to white settlers (originally in Virginia/Kentucky) is from 1774. Long in the tooth (1841 of persons) is from horses showing age by recession of gums. Long time no see, imitative of American Indian speech, is first recorded 1900. To be long on something, "have a lot" of it, is from 1900, American English slang.
Old English langian "to yearn after, grieve for," literally "to grow long, lengthen," from Proto-Germanic *langojanan (see long (adj.)). Cognate with Old Norse langa, Old Saxon langon, Middle Dutch langhen, Old High German langen "to long," German verlangen "to desire." Related: Longed; longing.
In addition to the idioms beginning with long
- long ago
- long and short of it, the
- long arm of the law, the
- long face
- long haul
- long in the tooth
- long shot, a
- long suit
- long time no see
- as long as
- at (long) last
- before long
- come a long way
- (long) drawn out
- go a long way toward
- happy as the day is long
- in the long run
- make a long story short
- so long
Also see underlonger.