magma

[mag-muh]
See more synonyms for magma on Thesaurus.com
noun, plural mag·mas, mag·ma·ta [mag-muh-tuh] /ˈmæg mə tə/.
  1. Geology. molten material beneath or within the earth's crust, from which igneous rock is formed.
  2. any crude mixture of finely divided mineral or organic matter.
  3. Chemistry, Pharmacology. a paste composed of solid and liquid matter.

Origin of magma

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin: dregs, leavings < Greek mágma kneaded mass, salve, equivalent to mag- (base of mássein to knead, press; see mass) + -ma noun suffix of result
Related formsmag·mat·ic [mag-mat-ik] /mægˈmæt ɪk/, adjectivemag·ma·tism, noun
Can be confusedlava magma
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for magma

slag, magma, basalt, ashes, scoria, obsidian, coulee

Examples from the Web for magma

Contemporary Examples of magma

Historical Examples of magma

  • The scientist pointed out the magma on Dr. Williams' sketch.

    The Flaming Mountain

    Harold Leland Goodwin

  • According to what we have, this is the shape of a magma front.

    The Flaming Mountain

    Harold Leland Goodwin

  • Notice that the magma is not following the original channels.

    The Flaming Mountain

    Harold Leland Goodwin

  • Now, two magma areas were showing where only one had shown before.

    The Flaming Mountain

    Harold Leland Goodwin

  • At any rate, it is somewhat above this discontinuity that magma is formed.

    The Flaming Mountain

    Harold Leland Goodwin


British Dictionary definitions for magma

magma

noun plural -mas or -mata (-mətə)
  1. a paste or suspension consisting of a finely divided solid dispersed in a liquid
  2. hot molten rock, usually formed in the earth's upper mantle, some of which finds its way into the crust and onto the earth's surface, where it solidifies to form igneous rock
Derived Formsmagmatic (mæɡˈmætɪk), adjectivemagmatism, noun

Word Origin for magma

C15, from Latin: dregs (of an ointment), from Greek: salve made by kneading, from massein to knead
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for magma
n.

mid-15c., "dregs," from Latin magma "dregs of an ointment," from Greek magma "thick unguent, ointment," from root of massein "to knead, mold," from PIE *mag- "to knead" (see macerate). Geological meaning "molten rock" is 1859. Related: Magmalic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

magma in Medicine

magma

[măgmə]
n.
  1. A mixture of finely divided solids with enough liquid to produce a pasty mass.
  2. A suspension of particles in a liquid, such as milk of magnesia.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

magma in Science

magma

[măgmə]
Plural magmata (măg-mä) or magmas
  1. The molten rock material that originates under the Earth's crust and forms igneous rock when it has cooled. When magma cools and solidifies beneath the Earth's surface, it forms what are known as intrusive rocks. When it reaches the Earth's surface, it flows out as lava and forms extrusive (or volcanic) rocks.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

magma in Culture

magma

Molten rock usually located deep within the mantle of the Earth that occasionally comes to the surface through cracks in the mantle or through the eruption of volcanoes.

Note

When magma cools and solidifies, it forms igneous rock, of which lava is one type.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.