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mate1

[meyt]
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noun
  1. a partner in marriage; spouse.
  2. one member of a pair of mated animals.
  3. one of a pair: I can't find the mate to this glove.
  4. a counterpart.
  5. an associate; fellow worker; comrade; partner (often used in combination): classmate; roommate.
  6. friend; buddy; pal (often used as an informal term of address): Let me give you a hand with that, mate.
  7. Nautical.
    1. first mate.
    2. any of a number of officers of varying degrees of rank subordinate to the master of a merchant ship.
    3. an assistant to a warrant officer or other functionary on a ship.
  8. an aide or helper, as to an artisan; factotum.
  9. a gear, rack, or worm engaging with another gear or worm.
  10. Archaic. an equal in reputation; peer; match.
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verb (used with object), mat·ed, mat·ing.
  1. to join as a mate or as mates.
  2. to bring (animals) together for breeding purposes.
  3. to match or marry.
  4. to join, fit, or associate suitably: to mate thought with daring action.
  5. to connect or link: a telephone system mated to a computerized information service.
  6. to treat as comparable.
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verb (used without object), mat·ed, mat·ing.
  1. to associate as a mate or as mates.
  2. (of animals) to copulate.
  3. (of animals) to pair for the purpose of breeding.
  4. to marry.
  5. (of a gear, rack, or worm) to engage with another gear or worm; mesh.
  6. Archaic. to consort; keep company.
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Origin of mate1

1350–1400; Middle English < Middle Low German; replacing Middle English mette, Old English gemetta messmate, guest. See meat
Related formsmate·less, adjective

mate2

[meyt]Chess.
noun, verb (used with object), mat·ed, mat·ing, interjection
  1. checkmate(defs 1, 3, 5).
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Origin of mate2

1175–1225; Middle English mat defeated (adj.), defeat (noun) < Old FrenchPersian; see checkmate

mate3

[mah-tey, mat-ey]
noun
  1. maté.
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maté

[mah-tey, mat-ey, mah-tey]
noun
  1. a tealike South American beverage made from the dried leaves of an evergreen tree.
  2. a South American tree, Ilex paraguariensis, that is the source of this beverage.
  3. the dried leaves of this tree.
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Also mate.

Origin of maté

1710–20; < American Spanish mate, orig. the vessel in which the herb is steeped < Quechua mati

Mat.E.

  1. Materials Engineer.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for mate

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • The mate had done what he could to prejudice the captain against the boy he hated.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • From his dress, and the commands he appeared to be issuing, Robert judged that it was the mate.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • The mate with one of the crew came ashore in the boat for help and a doctor.

  • Next day, the discharged man and the second mate were pressed.

    Ned Myers

    James Fenimore Cooper

  • There was a regular hard horse of a boatswain's-mate with us, of the name of McNally.

    Ned Myers

    James Fenimore Cooper


British Dictionary definitions for mate

mate1

noun
  1. the sexual partner of an animal
  2. a marriage partner
    1. informal, mainly British, Australian and NZa friend, usually of the same sex: often used between males in direct address
    2. (in combination)an associate, colleague, fellow sharer, etca classmate; a flatmate
  3. one of a pair of matching items
  4. nautical
    1. short for first mate
    2. any officer below the master on a commercial ship
    3. a warrant officer's assistant on a ship
  5. (in some trades) an assistanta plumber's mate
  6. archaic a suitable associate
  7. mate rates Australian slang the reduced rate charged for work done for a friend
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verb
  1. to pair (a male and female animal) or (of animals) to pair for reproduction
  2. to marry or join in marriage
  3. (tr) to join as a pair; match
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Derived Formsmateless, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Middle Low German; related to Old English gemetta table-guest, from mete meat

mate2

noun, verb
  1. chess See checkmate
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maté

mate

noun
  1. an evergreen tree, Ilex paraguariensis, cultivated in South America for its leaves, which contain caffeine: family Aquifoliaceae
  2. a stimulating milky beverage made from the dried leaves of this tree
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Modern Greek name: Paraguay tea, yerba, yerba maté

Word Origin

C18: from American Spanish (originally referring to the vessel in which the drink was brewed), from Quechua máti gourd
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mate

n.1

"associate, fellow, comrade," mid-14c., also "companion" (late 14c.), from Middle Low German mate, gemate "one eating at the same table, messmate," from Proto-Germanic *ga-maton "having food (*matiz) together (*ga-)," which is etymologically identical with companion. Cognate with Danish and Swedish mat, German Maat "mate," Dutch maat, from German. Meaning "one of a wedded pair" is attested from 1540s. Used as a form of address by sailors, laborers, etc., since at least mid-15c. Meaning "officer on a merchant vessel is from late 15c.

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v.2

"checkmate," c.1300, from Old French mater "to checkmate, defeat, overcome," from mat "checkmated" (see checkmate (v.)).

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v.1

c.1500, "to equal, rival," 1590s as "to match, couple, marry, join in marriage," from mate (n.1). Also, of animals, "to pair for the purpose of breeding." Related: Mated; mating.

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n.2

in chess, "a condition of checkmate," c.1300, mat, from Middle French mat, from Old French mater (see mate (v.2)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

mate in Medicine

mate

(māt)
n.
  1. A spouse.
  2. Either of a pair of animals or birds that associate in order to propagate.
  3. Either of a pair of animals brought together for breeding.
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v.
  1. To become joined in marriage.
  2. To be paired for reproducing; breed.
  3. To copulate.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.