# maxima

[mak-suh-muh]

- a plural of maximum.

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## maximum

[mak-suh-muh m]

- the greatest quantity or amount possible, assignable, allowable, etc.
- the highest amount, value, or degree attained or recorded.
- an upper limit allowed or allowable by law or regulation.
- Mathematics.
- Also called relative maximum, local maximum.the value of a function at a certain point in its domain, which is greater than or equal to the values at all other points in the immediate vicinity of the point.Compare absolute maximum.
- the point in the domain at which a maximum occurs.

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- that is a maximum; greatest or highest possible or attained: maximum satisfaction; maximum temperature.
- pertaining to a maximum or maximums.

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## Origin of maximum^{}

1730–40; < Latin, noun use of neuter of maximus, superlative of magnus great, large

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

## Examples from the Web for maxima

### Historical Examples

#### Maxima of color and their gradation to white, black, and gray.

A Color NotationAlbert H. Munsell

#### Averages of masses have been studied more than averages of maxima and minima.

The Professor at the Breakfast TableOliver Wendell Holmes (Sr.)

#### Of the foot and squires, it is said, the most part (maxima pars) was not slain.

The BruceJohn Barbour

#### All four terms, it will be seen, have maxima at some hour between 0h.

#### The word gourd is also used in English for Cucurbita maxima.

Origin of Cultivated PlantsAlphonse De Candolle

## maxima

- a plural of maximum

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## maximum

- the greatest possible amount, degree, etc
- the highest value of a variable quantity
- maths
- a value of a function that is greater than any neighbouring value
- a stationary point on a curve at which the tangent changes from a positive value on the left of this point to a negative value on the rightCompare minimum (def. 4)
- the largest number in a set

- astronomy
- the time at which the brightness of a variable star has its greatest value
- the magnitude of the star at that time

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- of, being, or showing a maximum or maximums

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Abbreviation: max

## Word Origin

C18: from Latin: greatest (the neuter form used as noun), from magnus great

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

## Word Origin and History for maxima

## maximum

### n.

1740, from French maximum and directly from Latin maximum (plural maxima), neuter of maximus "greatest," which is superlative of magnus "great, large" (see magnum).

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## maximum

### adj.

1834, from maximum (n.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

## maximum

(măk′sə-məm)- The greatest possible quantity or degree.
- The greatest quantity or degree reached or recorded; the upper limit of variation.
- The time or period during which the highest point or degree is attained.

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- Having or being the greatest quantity or the highest degree attained or attainable.
- Of, relating to, or making up a maximum.

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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

## maximum

[măk′sə-məm]

- The greatest known or greatest possible number, measure, quantity, or degree.
- The greatest value of a mathematical function, if it has such a value.

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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.