# median

[mee-dee-uh n]

- Arithmetic, Statistics. the middle number in a given sequence of numbers, taken as the average of the two middle numbers when the sequence has an even number of numbers: 4 is the median of 1, 3, 4, 8, 9.
- Geometry. a straight line from a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.
- Also called midpoint. a vertical line that divides a histogram into two equal parts.Compare central tendency.
- median strip.

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- Statistics. relating to the value in the center of the distribution for an array of data: the median income of American households.
- noting or relating to a plane dividing something into two equal parts, especially one dividing an animal into right and left halves.
- situated in or relating to the middle; medial.

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## Origin of median^{}

## Median

[mee-dee-uh n]

- of or relating to Media, the Medes, or their language.

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- a Mede.
- the Iranian language of ancient Media, contemporaneous with Old Persian.

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## Origin of Median^{}

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

## Examples from the Web for median

### Contemporary Examples

#### This would restore overtime rights to workers earning up to around $50,000 a year, which is roughly the current median.

#### Unlike most other telemarketers, they have a median net worth of almost $900,000.

#### Median household income peaked in America in 1999, under Bill Clinton, at $56,080.

#### The median household income in inflation-adjusted dollars back in 1987 was… well, what do you think?

#### The median total exemption rate was 1.8 percent this year, the same as in 2012-2013.

### Historical Examples

#### He did not see that his children had been brought up in the Median fashion, by women and eunuchs.

LawsPlato

#### The elytra are soldered at the median edge, so that it cannot spread its wings to fly.

The Industries of AnimalsFrdric Houssay

#### Mesal: pertaining to, situated on or in the median plane of the body.

Explanation of Terms Used in EntomologyJohn. B. Smith

#### Median shade or line: in Lepidoptera, crosses at or about middle of wings.

Explanation of Terms Used in EntomologyJohn. B. Smith

#### Median forks: in Orthoptera, refers to the forks of the median vein.

Explanation of Terms Used in EntomologyJohn. B. Smith

## median

- of, relating to, situated in, or directed towards the middle
- biology of or relating to the plane that divides an organism or organ into symmetrical parts
- statistics of or relating to the median

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- a middle point, plane, or part
- geometry
- a straight line joining one vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite sideSee also centroid
- a straight line joining the midpoints of the nonparallel sides of a trapezium

- statistics the middle value in a frequency distribution, below and above which lie values with equal total frequencies
- statistics the middle number or average of the two middle numbers in an ordered sequence of numbers7 is the median of both 1, 7, 31 and 2, 5, 9, l6
- Also called: (chiefly Brit) central reservation Canadian the strip, often covered with grass, that separates the two sides of a highway

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## Word Origin

C16: from Latin mediānus, from medius middle

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

## Word Origin and History for median

### adj.

1590s, from Middle French médian (15c.) and directly from Latin medianus "of the middle," from medius "in the middle" (see medial (adj.)). Originally anatomical, of veins, arteries, nerves. Median strip "strip between lanes of traffic" is from 1954.

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### n.

"a median part," 1540s, from Latin medianus (see median (adj.)). Meaning "middle number of a series" is from 1883.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

## median

(mē′dē-ən)- Relating to, located in, or extending toward the middle.
- Of, relating to, or situated in or near the plane that divides a bilaterally symmetrical animal into right and left halves; mesial.
- Of, relating to, or constituting the middle value in a distribution.

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- A median point, plane, line, or part.
- The middle value in a distribution, above and below which lie an equal number of values.

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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

## median

[mē′dē-ən]

- In a sequence of numbers arranged from smallest to largest:
- The middle number, when such a sequence has an odd number of values. For example, in the sequence 3, 4, 14, 35, 280, the median is 14.
- The average of the two middle numbers, when such a sequence has an even number of values. For example, in the sequence 4, 8, 10, 56, the median is 9 (the average of 8 and 10). Compare arithmetic mean average mode.

- A line joining a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.

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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## median

The point in a series at which half of the values or units of the series are higher and half lower.

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## median

In statistics, the middle value of a set of numbers or data points; half the figures will fall below the median and half above. (See average; compare mean and mode.)

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.