# statistics

- (used with a singular verb) the science that deals with the collection, classification, analysis, and interpretation of numerical facts or data, and that, by use of mathematical theories of probability, imposes order and regularity on aggregates of more or less disparate elements.
- (used with a plural verb) the numerical facts or data themselves.

## Origin of statistics^{}

## statistic

- a numerical fact or datum, especially one computed from a sample.

## Origin of statistic^{}

## Examples from the Web for statistics

### Contemporary Examples

#### So however detailed the statistics of the battlefield are, they cannot achieve the goal.

#### What is much more important than these numbers is an internal dynamic for which there are no statistics.

#### In fact, what this map really showed was the fallacy of aggregates – and how statistics can mask real cultural shifts.

#### For passengers, beyond the statistics lies a puzzle that has persisted for years.

#### "We knew the chances and we knew that the statistics and luck were not necessarily in our favor," she said.

### Historical Examples

#### This may appear incredible, but it is a fact as statistics will show.

Flying MachinesW.J. Jackman and Thos. H. Russell

#### Statistics are not available, because in Galicia they have not been kept from this point of view.

The Truth About WomanC. Gasquoine Hartley

#### "Don't tell me it is spectacles and statistics," Bobby pleaded.

The Dominant StrainAnna Chapin Ray

#### This commonly held belief is based on statistics of longevity and sanitation.

Another SheafJohn Galsworthy

#### These figures are drawn from statistics published in July 1914.

England and GermanyEmile Joseph Dillon

## statistics

- (functioning as plural) quantitative data on any subject, esp data comparing the distribution of some quantity for different subclasses of the populationstatistics for earnings by different age groups
- (functioning as singular)
- the classification and interpretation of such data in accordance with probability theory and the application of methods such as hypothesis testing to them
- the mathematical study of the theoretical nature of such distributions and testsSee also descriptive statistics, statistical inference

## Word Origin

## statistic

- any function of a number of random variables, usually identically distributed, that may be used to estimate a population parameterSee also sampling statistic, estimator (def. 2), parameter (def. 3)

## Word Origin and History for statistics

### n.

1770, "science dealing with data about the condition of a state or community," from German Statistik, popularized and perhaps coined by German political scientist Gottfried Aschenwall (1719-1772) in his "Vorbereitung zur Staatswissenschaft" (1748), from Modern Latin statisticum (collegium) "(lecture course on) state affairs," from Italian statista "one skilled in statecraft," from Latin status (see state (n.1)). Meaning "numerical data collected and classified" is from 1829. Abbreviated form stats first recorded 1961.

## statistic

### n.

"quantitative fact or statement," 1880; see statistics.

## statistics

- Used with a singular verb The branch of mathematics that deals with the collection, organization, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data. Statistics is especially useful in drawing general conclusions about a set of data from a sample of the data.
- Used with a plural verb Numerical data.

## statistics

The branch of mathematics dealing with numerical data. (See mean, median, mode, normal distribution curve, sample, standard deviation, and statistical significance.)