melancholia

[ mel-uh n-koh-lee-uh, -kohl-yuh ]
/ ˌmɛl ənˈkoʊ li ə, -ˈkoʊl yə /

noun

a mental condition characterized by great depression of spirits and gloomy forebodings.
Psychiatry. endogenous depression.

Origin of melancholia

From Late Latin, dating back to 1685–95; see origin at melancholy
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for melancholia

melancholia

/ (ˌmɛlənˈkəʊlɪə) /

noun

a former name for depression
Derived Formsmelancholiac, adjective, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for melancholia

melancholia


n.

1690s, from Modern Latin melancholia (see melancholy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for melancholia

melancholia

[ mĕl′ən-kōlē-ə ]

n.

A mental disorder characterized by depression, apathy, and withdrawal.
Related formsmel′an•choli•ac (-lē-ăk′) adj. n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.