most

[mohst]

adjective, superl. of much or many with more as compar.

noun

adverb, superl. of much with more as compar.


Nearby words

  1. mosso,
  2. mossoró,
  3. mosstrooper,
  4. mossy,
  5. mossy horn,
  6. most honourable,
  7. most significant digit,
  8. most unkindest cut of all,
  9. most wanted list,
  10. most-favored-nation

Idioms

Origin of most

before 900; Middle English most(e), Old English māst; replacing Middle English mest(e), Old English mǣst; cognate with German meist, Gothic maists. See more

Can be confusedalmost most

Synonym study

11. See almost.

Usage note

11. The adverb most, a shortened form of almost, is far from being either a recent development or an Americanism. It goes back to the 16th century in England, where it is now principally a dialect form. In American English it occurs before such pronouns as all, anyone, anybody, everyone, and everybody; the adjectives all, any, and every; and adverbs like anywhere and everywhere: Most everyone around here is related to everyone else. You can find that plant most anywhere. This use of most is often objected to, but it is common in the informal speech of educated persons. It is less common in edited writing except in representations of speech.

many

[men-ee]

adjective, more, most.

constituting or forming a large number; numerous: many people.
noting each one of a large number (usually followed by a or an): For many a day it rained.

noun

a large or considerable number of persons or things: A good many of the beggars were blind.
the many, the greater part of humankind.

pronoun

many persons or things: Many of the beggars were blind. Many were unable to attend.

Origin of many

before 900; Middle English mani, meni, Old English manig, menig; akin to Old Saxon, Old High German manag, menig, Danish mange, Gothic manags

SYNONYMS FOR many
1. multifarious, multitudinous, myriad; divers, sundry, various. Many, innumerable, manifold, numerous imply the presence or succession of a large number of units. Many is a popular and common word for this idea: many times. Numerous, a more formal word, refers to a great number or to very many units: letters too numerous to mention. Innumerable denotes a number that is beyond count or, more loosely, that is extremely difficult to count: the innumerable stars in the sky. Manifold implies not only that the number is large but also that there is variety or complexity.

Related formso·ver·man·y, adjective

much

[muhch]

adjective, more, most.

great in quantity, measure, or degree: too much cake.

noun

a great quantity, measure, or degree: Much of his research was unreliable.
a great, important, or notable thing or matter: The house is not much to look at.

adverb, more, most.

to a great extent or degree; greatly; far: to talk too much; much heavier.
nearly, approximately, or about: This is much like the others.

Origin of much

1150–1200; Middle English muche, moche, apocopated variant of muchel, mochel, Old English mycel; replacing Middle English miche(l), Old English micel great, much (cf. mickle), cognate with Old Norse mikill, Gothic mikils, Greek mégal-, suppletive stem of mégas great

Can be confusedmuch very (see usage note at very)

-most

a combining form of most occurring in a series of superlatives: foremost; utmost.

Origin of -most

Middle English -most; replacing Middle English, Old English -mest, double superlative suffix, equivalent to -ma superlative suffix (as in Old English forma first; compare Latin prīmus) + -est1; later identified with most

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for most

most

determiner

  1. a great majority of; nearly allmost people like eggs
  2. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural)most of them don't know; most of it is finished
the most
  1. the superlative of many, much you have the most money; the most apples
  2. (as pronoun)the most he can afford is two pounds
at most or at the most at the maximumthat girl is four at the most
for the most part generally
make the most of to use to the best advantageshe makes the most of her accent
than most than most othersthe leaves are greener than most
the most slang, mainly US wonderfulthat chick's the most

adverb

the most used to form the superlative of some adjectives and adverbsthe most beautiful daughter of all
the superlative of much people welcome a drink most after work
(intensifier)a most absurd story
US and Canadian informal, or dialect almostmost every town in this state; John is the more intelligent of the two; he is the most intelligent of the students

Word Origin for most

Old English māst or mǣst, whence Middle English moste, mēst; compare Old Frisian maest, Old High German meist, Old Norse mestr

usage

More and most should be distinguished when used in comparisons. More applies to cases involving two persons, objects, etc, most to cases involving three or more

-most

suffix

forming the superlative degree of some adjectives and adverbshindmost; uppermost

Word Origin for -most

Old English -mǣst, -mest, originally a superlative suffix, later mistakenly taken as derived from mǣst (adv) most

many

determiner

(sometimes preceded by a great or a good)
  1. a large number ofmany coaches; many times
  2. (as pronoun; functioning as plural)many are seated already
(foll by a, an, or another, and a singular noun) each of a considerable number ofmany a man
(preceded by as, too, that, etc)
  1. a great number ofas many apples as you like; too many clouds to see
  2. (as pronoun; functioning as plural)I have as many as you

noun

the many the majority of mankind, esp the common peoplethe many are kept in ignorance while the few prosper Compare few (def. 7)
See also more, most

Word Origin for many

Old English manig; related to Old Frisian manich, Middle Dutch menech, Old High German manag

much

determiner

  1. (usually used with a negative)a great quantity or degree ofthere isn't much honey left
  2. (as pronoun)much has been learned from this
a bit much informal rather excessive
as much exactly thatI suspected as much when I heard
make much of See make of (def. 4)
not much of not to any appreciable degree or extenthe's not much of an actor really
not up to much informal of a low standardthis beer is not up to much
think much of (used with a negative) to have a high opinion ofI don't think much of his behaviour

adverb

considerablythey're much better now
practically; nearly (esp in the phrase much the same)
(usually used with a negative) often; a great dealit doesn't happen much in this country
much as or as much as even though; althoughmuch as I'd like to, I can't come

adjective

(predicative; usually used with a negative) impressive or importantthis car isn't much
See also more, most

Word Origin for much

Old English mycel; related to Old English micel great, Old Saxon mikil, Gothic mikils; compare also Latin magnus, Greek megas

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for most
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with most

most

see at most; for the most part; make the most of.

many

In addition to the idioms beginning with many

  • many a
  • many hands make light work
  • many happy returns
  • many is the

also see:

  • as many
  • good (great) many
  • in so many words
  • irons in the fire, too many
  • so many
  • too many cooks spoil the broth

much

In addition to the idioms beginning with much

  • much ado about nothing
  • much as
  • much less
  • much sought after

also see:

  • as much
  • as much as
  • make much of
  • not miss a trick (much)
  • not think much of
  • pretty much
  • so much
  • so much for
  • so much the better
  • (much) sought after
  • take it (just so much)
  • take on (too much)
  • too much of a good thing
  • without so much as
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.