lavish

[lav-ish]
adjective
  1. expended, bestowed, or occurring in profusion: lavish spending.
  2. using or giving in great amounts; prodigal (often followed by of): lavish of his time; lavish of affection.
verb (used with object)
  1. to expend or give in great amounts or without limit: to lavish gifts on a person.

Origin of lavish

1425–75; late Middle English lavas profusion (noun), profuse (adj.) < Middle French lavasse downpour of rain, derivative of laver to wash < Latin lavāre
Related formslav·ish·er, nounlav·ish·ly, adverblav·ish·ness, nouno·ver·lav·ish, adjectiveo·ver·lav·ish·ly, adverbo·ver·lav·ish·ness, nounun·lav·ish, adjectiveun·lav·ished, adjective

Synonyms for lavish

Synonym study

1, 2. Lavish, prodigal, profuse refer to that which exists in abundance and is poured out copiously. Lavish suggests (sometimes excessive) generosity and openhandedness: lavish hospitality; much too lavish. Prodigal suggests wastefulness, improvidence, and reckless impatience of restraint: a prodigal extravagance. Profuse emphasizes abundance, but may suggest overemotionalism, exaggeration, or the like: profuse thanks, compliments, apologies.

Antonyms for lavish

1, 2. niggardly.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for overlavish

lavish

adjective
  1. prolific, abundant, or profuse
  2. generous; unstinting; liberal
  3. extravagant; prodigal; wastefullavish expenditure
verb
  1. (tr) to give, expend, or apply abundantly, generously, or in profusion
Derived Formslavisher, nounlavishly, adverblavishment, nounlavishness, noun

Word Origin for lavish

C15: adj use of lavas profusion, from Old French lavasse torrent, from Latin lavāre to wash
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for overlavish

lavish

v.

1540s, from lavish (adj.). Related: Lavished; lavishing.

lavish

adj.

mid-15c., from Middle French lavasse (n.) "torrent of rain, deluge," from Old French lavache, from laver "to wash," from Latin lavare "to wash" (see lave). Related: Lavishly.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper