verb (used without object), par·took, par·tak·en, par·tak·ing.
  1. to take or have a part or share along with others; participate (usually followed by in): He won't partake in the victory celebration.
  2. to receive, take, or have a share or portion (usually followed by of): to partake of a meal.
  3. to have something of the nature or character (usually followed by of): feelings partaking of both joy and regret.
verb (used with object), par·took, par·tak·en, par·tak·ing.
  1. to take or have a part in; share.

Origin of partake

1555–65; back formation from partaking, Middle English part taking, translation of Latin participātiō participation
Related formspar·tak·a·ble, adjectivepar·tak·er, nounpre·par·take, verb (used without object), pre·par·took, pre·par·tak·en, pre·par·tak·ing.un·par·tak·en, adjectiveun·par·tak·ing, adjective

Synonym study

1. See share1. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for partaken

feed, sip, consume, engage, receive, ingest, sample, savor, devour, take, participate, divide

Examples from the Web for partaken

Contemporary Examples of partaken

Historical Examples of partaken

  • You have shaken him by the hand, and partaken of his hospitality.

  • For her he had robbed the bees' nest that very day, and I had but partaken of the spoil.

  • After they had partaken of food and drink the maids rose, danced and sung.

  • Boche said that Nana and Pauline were women now that they had partaken of communion.


    Emile Zola

  • After we had partaken of it, they supplied us with pipes and tobacco, and the conference began.

British Dictionary definitions for partaken


verb -takes, -taking, -took or -taken (mainly intr)
  1. (foll by in) to have a share; participateto partake in the excitement
  2. (foll by of) to take or receive a portion, esp of food or drinkeach partook of the food offered to him
  3. (foll by of) to suggest or have some of the quality (of)music partaking of sadness
  4. (tr) archaic to share in
Derived Formspartaker, noun

Word Origin for partake

C16: back formation from partaker, earlier part taker, based on Latin particeps participant; see part, take


Partake of is sometimes wrongly used as if it were a synonym of eat or drink. Correctly, one can only partake of food or drink which is available for several people to share
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for partaken



1560s, back-formation from Middle English part-taking (late 14c.), or part-taker (c.1400), both translations of Latin particeps "participant" (n.), also "sharing, partaking" (see participation). Related: Partook; partaking.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper