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perennial

[ puh-ren-ee-uhl ]
/ pəˈrɛn i əl /
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See synonyms for: perennial / perennials on Thesaurus.com

adjective
noun
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Origin of perennial

First recorded in 1635–45; from Latin perenni(s) “lasting the whole year through” (per- ”through, by” + -enn-, combining form of annus “year” + -is adjective suffix) + -al1;see per- (def. 1)

OTHER WORDS FROM perennial

per·en·ni·al·i·ty, nounper·en·ni·al·ly, adverb

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH perennial

annual, perennial
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use perennial in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for perennial

perennial
/ (pəˈrɛnɪəl) /

adjective
lasting throughout the year or through many years
everlasting; perpetual
noun
a woody or herbaceous plant that can continue its growth for at least two yearsCompare annual (def. 3), biennial (def. 3)

Derived forms of perennial

perennially, adverb

Word Origin for perennial

C17: from Latin perennis continual, from per through + annus year
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for perennial

perennial
[ pə-rĕnē-əl ]

Adjective
Living for three or more years.
Noun
A perennial plant. Herbaceous perennials survive winter and drought as underground roots, rhizomes, bulbs, corms, or tubers. Woody perennials, including vines, shrubs, and trees, usually stop growing during winter and drought. Asters, irises, tulips, and peonies are familiar garden perennials. Compare annual biennial.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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