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peridot

[ per-i-doh, -dot ]
/ ˈpɛr ɪˌdoʊ, -ˌdɒt /
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noun Mineralogy.
a green transparent variety of olivine, used as a gem.
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Origin of peridot

1300–50; <French péridot; replacing Middle English peritot<Middle French

OTHER WORDS FROM peridot

per·i·dot·ic [per-i-dot-ik, -doh-tik], /ˌpɛr ɪˈdɒt ɪk, -ˈdoʊ tɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

VOCAB BUILDER

What does peridot mean?

Peridot (pronounced PAIR-i-doh or PAIR-i-dot) is a transparent gemstone that ranges in color from light green to bright green to dark green.

Peridot is a variety of the mineral olivine and is sometimes called precious olivine. It’s considered a semiprecious gem, which is a label applied to a class of gems that have a commercial value that’s less than that of stones labeled precious, such as diamonds.

Peridot is one of the birthstones for the month of August. It is associated with the zodiac signs Leo and Virgo.

Example: Since I was born in August, I sometimes get peridot jewelry as a birthday gift.

Where does peridot come from?

The first records of the word peridot come from the 1300s. It comes from the Latin pæderot-. It may also come from the Arabic faridat, which means “gem.”

Peridot is a variety of olivine, a magnesium-rich, rock-forming mineral that occurs in Earth’s upper mantel and in metamorphic rock. Olivine is named for its green coloring (like an olive), which can naturally vary from a yellow-tinted green to deep green. Peridot was prized by the ancient Egyptians.

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What are some other forms related to peridot?

  • peridotic (adjective)

What are some synonyms for peridot?

What are some words that often get used in discussing peridot?

How is peridot used in real life?

Peridot is perhaps best known as one of the birthstones for the month of August.

Try using peridot!

True or False? 

Peridot is a variety of the mineral quartz.

How to use peridot in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for peridot

peridot
/ (ˈpɛrɪˌdɒt) /

noun
a pale green transparent variety of the olivine chrysolite, used as a gemstone

Word Origin for peridot

C14: from Old French peritot, of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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