[ per-ee-ee-sahy ]

plural noun,singular Per·i·oe·cus [per-ee-ee-kuhs]. /ˌpɛr iˈi kəs/.
  1. the inhabitants of ancient Laconia, constituting a dependent people of Sparta, who governed themselves and had a monopoly on trade and manufacture.: Compare Helot (def. 1), Spartiate.

Origin of Perioeci

1585–95; <Medieval Latin perioecī<Greek períoikoi countryside dwellers, noun use of plural of períoikos neighboring, equivalent to peri-peri- + -oikos, adj. derivative of oîkos house

Other words from Perioeci

  • per·i·oe·cic, per·i·oe·cid, adjective

Words Nearby Perioeci Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024

How to use Perioeci in a sentence

  • They had much the same position as the Perioeci in ancient Sparta.

  • The whole number taken, whether true-born Spartans or Perioeci, amounted to more than one hundred.

    Hellenica | Xenophon
  • The provinces under Spartan rule were divided into thirty thousand parts, a part for each Perioeci family.

    History of Education | Levi Seeley
  • Besides the Helots, the Spartans exercised an authority over the intermediate class called the Perioeci.