Perioeci

[ per-ee-ee-sahy ]
/ ˌpɛr iˈi saɪ /

plural noun, singular Per·i·oe·cus [per-ee-ee-kuhs]. /ˌpɛr iˈi kəs/.

the inhabitants of ancient Laconia, constituting a dependent people of Sparta, who governed themselves and had a monopoly on trade and manufacture.Compare Helot (def. 1), Spartiate.

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Origin of Perioeci

1585–95; <Medieval Latin perioecī<Greek períoikoi countryside dwellers, noun use of plural of períoikos neighboring, equivalent to peri-peri- + -oikos, adj. derivative of oîkos house

OTHER WORDS FROM Perioeci

per·i·oe·cic, per·i·oe·cid, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for Perioeci

  • The whole number taken, whether true-born Spartans or Perioeci, amounted to more than one hundred.

    Hellenica|Xenophon
  • The provinces under Spartan rule were divided into thirty thousand parts, a part for each Perioeci family.

  • Besides the Helots, the Spartans exercised an authority over the intermediate class called the Perioeci.

  • They had much the same position as the perioeci in ancient Sparta.