plaint

[ pleynt ]
/ pleɪnt /

noun

a complaint.
Law. a statement of grievance made to a court for the purpose of asking redress.
a lament; lamentation.

Origin of plaint

1175–1225; Middle English < Middle French < Latin planctus a striking or beating (the breast) in grief, equivalent to plang(ere) to beat, strike, mourn for + -tus, suffix of v. action
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for plaint

plaint

/ (pleɪnt) /

noun

archaic a complaint or lamentation
law a statement in writing of grounds of complaint made to a court of law and asking for redress of the grievance

Word Origin for plaint

C13: from Old French plainte, from Latin planctus lamentation, from plangere to beat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plaint

plaint


n.

"expression of sorrow," c.1200, from Old French plainte "lament, lamentation" (12c.), from Latin planctus "lamentation, wailing, beating of the breast," from past participle stem of plangere "to lament, to strike" (see plague (n.)). Connecting notion probably is beating one's breast in grief.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper