plant

[plant, plahnt]

noun

verb (used with object)


Origin of plant

before 900; (noun) Middle English plaunte; in part continuing Old English plante sapling, young plant (< Latin planta); in part (< Old French plante) < Latin planta a shoot, sprig, scion (for planting), plant; (v.) Middle English plaunten; in part continuing Old English plantian (< Latin plantāre); in part (< Old French planter) < Latin plantāre to plant
Related formsplant·a·ble, adjectiveplant·less, adjectiveplant·like, adjectivemis·plant, verb (used with object)o·ver·plant, verb (used with object)pre·plant, verb (used with object)self-plant·ed, adjectivesub·plant, nounun·der·plant, verb (used with object)un·plant·a·ble, adjectiveun·plant·ed, adjectivewell-plant·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for plant

plant

1

noun

any living organism that typically synthesizes its food from inorganic substances, possesses cellulose cell walls, responds slowly and often permanently to a stimulus, lacks specialized sense organs and nervous system, and has no powers of locomotion
such an organism that is green, terrestrial, and smaller than a shrub or tree; a herb
a cutting, seedling, or similar structure, esp when ready for transplantation
informal a thing positioned secretly for discovery by another, esp in order to incriminate an innocent person
billiards snooker a position in which the cue ball can be made to strike an intermediate which then pockets another ball

verb (tr)

(often foll by out) to set (seeds, crops, etc) into (ground) to grow
to place firmly in position
to establish; found
to implant in the mind
slang to deliver (a blow)
informal to position or hide, esp in order to deceive or observe
to place (young fish, oysters, spawn, etc) in (a lake, river, etc) in order to stock the water
See also plant out
Derived Formsplantable, adjectiveplantlike, adjective

Word Origin for plant

Old English, from Latin planta a shoot, cutting

plant

2

noun

  1. the land, buildings, and equipment used in carrying on an industrial, business, or other undertaking or service
  2. (as modifier)plant costs
a factory or workshop
mobile mechanical equipment for construction, road-making, etc

Word Origin for plant

C20: special use of plant 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plant
n.

Old English plante "young tree or shrub, herb newly planted," from Latin planta "sprout, shoot, cutting" (source of Spanish planta, French plante), perhaps from *plantare "to drive in with the feet, push into the ground with the feet," from planta "sole of the foot," from nasalized form of PIE *plat- "to spread, flat" (see place (n.)).

Broader sense of "any vegetable life, vegetation generally" is first recorded 1550s. Most extended usages are from the verb, on the notion of "something planted;" e.g. "construction for an industrial process," 1789, at first with reference to the set-up of machinery, later also the building; also slang meaning "a spy" (1812). Many of these follow similar developments in the French form of the word. German Pflanz, Irish cland, Welsh plant are from Latin.

v.

"put in the ground to grow," Old English plantian, from Latin plantare (see plant (n.)). Reinforced by cognate Old French planter. Without reference to growing, "to insert firmly," late 14c. Of colonies from c.1300. Figuratively, of ideas, etc., from early 15c. Meaning "to bury" is U.S. slang from U.S., 1855. Related: Planted; planting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for plant

plant

[plănt]

Any of a wide variety of multicellular eukaryotic organisms, belonging to the kingdom Plantae and including the bryophytes and vascular plants. Plant cells have cell walls made of cellulose. Except for a few specialized symbionts, plants have chlorophyll and manufacture their own food through photosynthesis. Most plants grow in a fixed location and reproduce sexually, showing an alternation of generations between a diploid stage (with each cell having two sets of chromosomes) and haploid stage (with each cell having one set of chromosomes) in their life cycle. The first fossil plants date from the Silurian period. Formerly the algae, slime molds, dinoflagellates, and fungi, among other groups, were classified as plants, but now these are considered to belong to other kingdoms. See Table at taxonomy.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.