plight

1
[ plahyt ]
/ plaɪt /

noun

a condition, state, or situation, especially an unfavorable or unfortunate one: to find oneself in a sorry plight.

Nearby words

  1. plicature,
  2. plicotomy,
  3. plie,
  4. plier,
  5. pliers,
  6. plimsoll,
  7. plimsoll line,
  8. plimsoll mark,
  9. plinian,
  10. plink

Origin of plight

1
1350–1400; Middle English plit fold, condition, bad condition < Anglo-French (cognate with Middle French pleit plait) fold, manner of folding, condition; spelling apparently influenced by plight2 in obsolete sense “danger”

plight

2
[ plahyt ]
/ plaɪt /

verb (used with object)

to pledge (one's troth) in engagement to marry.
to bind (someone) by a pledge, especially of marriage.
to give in pledge, as one's word, or to pledge, as one's honor.

noun

Archaic. pledge.

Origin of plight

2
before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English pliht danger, risk; cognate with Dutch plicht, German Pflicht duty, obligation; (v.) Middle English plighten, Old English plihtan (derivative of the noun) to endanger, risk, pledge; cognate with Old High German phlichten to engage oneself, Middle Dutch plihten to guarantee

Related formsplight·er, nounun·plight·ed, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for plight


British Dictionary definitions for plight

plight

1
/ (plaɪt) /

noun

a condition of extreme hardship, danger, etc

Word Origin for plight

C14 plit, from Old French pleit fold, plait; probably influenced by Old English pliht peril, plight ²

verb (tr)

to give or pledge (one's word)he plighted his word to attempt it
to promise formally or pledge (allegiance, support, etc)to plight aid
plight one's troth
  1. to make a promise of marriage
  2. to give one's solemn promise

noun

archaic, or dialect a solemn promise, esp of engagement; pledge
Derived Formsplighter, noun

Word Origin for plight

Old English pliht peril; related to Old High German, German Pflicht duty

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plight
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper