Origin of primary

1425–75; late Middle English (adj.) < Latin prīmārius of the first rank. See prime, -ary
Related formspri·ma·ri·ness, nounpost·pri·ma·ry, adjectivesub·pri·ma·ry, adjective

Synonyms for primary

Antonyms for primary

1, 2. last. 2. final.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for primary

Contemporary Examples of primary

Historical Examples of primary


British Dictionary definitions for primary

primary

adjective

first in importance, degree, rank, etc
first in position or time, as in a series
fundamental; basic
being the first stage; elementary
(prenominal) of or relating to the education of children up to the age of 11
(of the flight feathers of a bird's wing) growing from the manus
  1. being the part of an electric circuit, such as a transformer or induction coil, in which a changing current induces a current in a neighbouring circuita primary coil
  2. (of a current) flowing in such a circuitCompare secondary
  1. (of a product) consisting of a natural raw material; unmanufactured
  2. (of production or industry) involving the extraction or winning of such products. Agriculture, fishing, forestry, hunting, and mining are primary industriesCompare secondary (def. 7), tertiary (def. 3)
chem
  1. (of an organic compound) having a functional group attached to a carbon atom that is attached to at least two hydrogen atoms
  2. (of an amine) having only one organic group attached to the nitrogen atom; containing the group NH 2
  3. (of a salt) derived from a tribasic acid by replacement of one acidic hydrogen atom with a metal atom or electropositive group
linguistics
  1. derived from a word that is not a derivation but the ultimate form itself. Lovable is a primary derivative of love
  2. (of Latin, Greek, or Sanskrit tenses) referring to present or future timeCompare historic (def. 3)
geology relating to magmas that have not experienced fractional crystallization or crystal contamination

noun plural -ries

a person or thing that is first in rank, occurrence, etc
(in the US)
  1. a preliminary election in which the voters of a state or region choose a party's convention delegates, nominees for office, etcSee also closed primary, direct primary, open primary
  2. a local meeting of voters registered with one party to nominate candidates, select convention delegates, etc
Full name: primary election
any of the flight feathers growing from the manus of a bird's wing
a primary coil, winding, inductance, or current in an electric circuit
astronomy a celestial body around which one or more specified secondary bodies orbitthe sun is the primary of the earth

Word Origin for primary

C15: from Latin prīmārius of the first rank, principal, from prīmus first
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for primary
adj.

early 15c., "of the first order," from Latin primarius "of the first rank, chief, principal, excellent," from primus "first" (see prime (adj.)). Meaning "first in order" is from 1802. Primary color is first recorded 1610s (at first the seven of the spectrum, later the three from which others can be made); primary school is 1802, from French école primaire.

The Paris journals ... are full of a plan, brought forward by Fourcroy, for the establishment of primary schools, which is not interesting to an English reader. [London "Times," April 27, 1802]

Related: Primarily.

n.

1861, American English, short for primary election (1792, with reference to France; in a U.S. context from 1835); earlier primary caucus (1821).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

primary in Medicine

primary

[prīmĕr′ē, -mə-rē]

adj.

Being first or highest in importance; principal.
Occurring first in time or sequence; earliest.
Preliminary to a later stage of development; primordial; embryonic.
Immediate; direct.
Of, relating to, or being a sequence of amino acids in a protein.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

primary in Science

primary

[prīmĕr′ē]

Relating to a primary color.
Relating to plant tissues or growth derived from the apical meristem in the tips of roots and shoots, whose cells divide and elongate to cause the plant to grow lengthwise.
  1. Relating to or having a carbon atom that is attached to only one other carbon atom in a molecule.
  2. Relating to an organic molecule, such as an alcohol, in which the functional group is attached to a primary carbon. A primary alcohol, for example, has the hydroxyl (OH) group attached to the last carbon in a chain.
  1. Arising first and spontaneously, as a disease, disorder, or tumor, and not as a result of a known medical condition or injury.
  2. Relating to the first set of teeth that develops in humans.
Relating to the initial medical care given by a healthcare provider to a patient, especially in a setting of ambulatory, continuous care, and sometimes followed by referral to other medical providers. Compare secondary tertiary.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.