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purine

[pyoo r-een, -in]
noun Chemistry, Biochemistry.
  1. a white, crystalline compound, C5H4N4, from which is derived a group of compounds including uric acid, xanthine, and caffeine.
  2. one of several purine derivatives, especially the bases adenine and guanine, which are fundamental constituents of nucleic acids.
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Origin of purine

From the German word Purin, dating back to 1895–1900. See pure, uric, -ine2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for purine

purine

purin (ˈpjʊərɪn)

noun
  1. a colourless crystalline solid that can be prepared from uric acid. Formula: C 5 H 4 N 4
  2. Also called: purine base any of a number of nitrogenous bases, such as guanine and adenine, that are derivatives of purine and constituents of nucleic acids and certain coenzymes
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Word Origin for purine

C19: from German Purin; see pure, uric, -ine ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for purine

n.

1898, from German purin (Fischer), said to be from Latin purum, neuter of purus "clean, pure" (see pure) + Modern Latin uricum "uric acid" + chemical suffix -ine (2).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

purine in Medicine

purine

(pyurēn′)
n.
  1. A colorless crystalline organic base that is the parent compound of various biologically important derivatives.
  2. Any of a group of organic compounds that are derived from or are structurally related to purine, including uric acid, caffeine, adenine, and guanine.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

purine in Science

purine

[pyurēn′]
  1. Any of a group of organic compounds containing two fused rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms. One ring has six members, the other has five, and each has two nitrogens. Purines include a number of biologically important compounds, such as adenosine, caffeine, uric acid, and the two bases adenine and guanine, which are components of DNA and RNA.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.