Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

affirm

[uh-furm]
See more synonyms for affirm on Thesaurus.com
verb (used with object)
  1. to state or assert positively; maintain as true: to affirm one's loyalty to one's country; He affirmed that all was well.
  2. to confirm or ratify: The appellate court affirmed the judgment of the lower court.
  3. to assert solemnly: He affirmed his innocence.
  4. to express agreement with or commitment to; uphold; support: to affirm human rights.
Show More
verb (used without object)
  1. Law.
    1. to state something solemnly before a court or magistrate, but without oath.
    2. to ratify and accept a voidable transaction.
    3. (of an appellate court) to determine that the action of the lower court shall stand.
Show More

Origin of affirm

1300–50; < Latin affirmāre, equivalent to af- af- + firmāre to make firm (see firm1); replacing Middle English a(f)fermen < Middle French afermer < Latin
Related formsaf·firm·a·ble, adjectiveaf·firm·a·bly, adverbaf·firm·er, nounaf·firm·ing·ly, adverbo·ver·af·firm, verbpre·af·firm, verbre·af·firm, verb (used with object)un·af·firmed, adjective

Synonyms

See more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com

Synonym study

1. See declare.

Antonyms

1. deny.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

restorerepeatextendresumereviveprolongreopencontinuerestatereestablishreaffirmexhilaratereinvigoraterecreaterefurbishremodelresuscitaterefitdiscloseclaim

Examples from the Web for re-affirm

Historical Examples

  • On the contrary, I re-affirm it; but, I offer you a divorce.

    The Colonel of the Red Huzzars

    John Reed Scott

  • Let us trace her from foundation to present eminence; re-affirm our family pledges and form resolutions new.

  • Should he cough—as the native does when he wishes to attract your attention, or to re-affirm his forgotten presence?

    Cupid in Africa

    P. C. Wren


British Dictionary definitions for re-affirm

affirm

verb (mainly tr)
  1. (may take a clause as object) to declare to be true; assert positively
  2. to uphold, confirm, or ratify
  3. (intr) law to make an affirmation
Show More
Derived Formsaffirmer or affirmant, noun

Word Origin

C14: via Old French from Latin affirmāre to present (something) as firm or fixed, assert, from ad- to + firmāre to make firm 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for re-affirm

v.

also reaffirm, 1610s, "to confirm anew," from re- "back, again" + affirm. Meaning "to assert anew" is recorded from 1842. Related: Reaffirmed; reaffirming.

Show More

affirm

v.

c.1300, from Old French afermier (Modern French affirmer) "affirm, confirm; strengthen, consolidate," from Latin affirmare "to make steady, strengthen," figuratively "confirm, corroborate," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + firmare "strengthen, make firm," from firmus "strong" (see firm (adj.)). Spelling refashioned 16c. in French and English on Latin model. Related: Affirmed; affirming.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper