respondent

[ri-spon-duh nt]

noun

a person who responds or makes reply.
Law. a defendant, especially in appellate and divorce proceedings.

adjective

giving a response; answering; responsive.
Law. being a respondent.
Psychology. of or relating to behavior that occurs consistently in response to a particular stimulus.
Obsolete. corresponding.

Origin of respondent

1520–30; < Latin respondent- (stem of respondēns), present participle of respondēre. See respond, -ent
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for respondent

respondent

noun

law a person against whom a petition, esp in a divorce suit, or appeal is brought

adjective

a less common word for responsive
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for respondent
n.

1520s, "one who answers," from Latin respondentem (nominative respondens), present participle of respondere (see respond).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper