rondel

[ron-dl, ron-del]
noun
  1. Prosody. a short poem of fixed form, consisting usually of 14 lines on two rhymes, of which four are made up of the initial couplet repeated in the middle and at the end, with the second line of the couplet sometimes being omitted at the end.
  2. Theater. roundel(def 4).

Origin of rondel

1250–1300; Middle English < Old French rondel, diminutive of rond round1
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British Dictionary definitions for rondel

rondel

noun
  1. a rondeau consisting of three stanzas of 13 or 14 lines with a two-line refrain appearing twice or three times
  2. a figure in Scottish country dancing by means of which couples change position in the set

Word Origin for rondel

C14: from Old French, literally: a little circle, from rond round
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rondel
n.

late 14c. as a type of verse, from Old French rondel "short poem," literally "small circle" (13c.), diminutive of roont (fem. roonde) "circular" (see round (adj.)). Metrical form of 14 lines with only two rhymes. So called because the initial couplet is repeated at the end.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper