Origin of rougher
adjective, rough·er, rough·est.
verb (used with object), roughed, rough·ing.
verb (used without object), roughed, rough·ing.
Origin of rough
Synonyms for rough
Antonyms for rough
Related Words for rougherrugged, rocky, coarse, bumpy, fuzzy, choppy, harsh, dry, turbulent, tough, hard, cruel, raw, violent, unpleasant, nasty, unpolished, sketchy, foggy, uncertain
Examples from the Web for rougher
Contemporary Examples of rougher
Having lived in the rougher parts of Brooklyn, he thought he might have helped if only he had a hammer in his hand.I Heard About the Latest Crazed Shooter While I Watched the World Cup with Guys He Almost Killed
July 1, 2014
Sheila Johnson has had a rougher time as a political activist.Sheila Johnson Slams BET
April 29, 2010
Meanwhile, in Israel, Netanyahu has been having a rougher time.How Barack Beat Bibi
March 18, 2010
Historical Examples of rougher
“You might have had rougher usage there than here,” said Ambrose.The Armourer's Prentices
Charlotte M. Yonge
I feared rough usage at the railroad, and rougher associations.Biography of a Slave
But I will not offend fastidious ears with any syllable of my rougher tongue.Ranald Bannerman's Boyhood
She has a boy who works with her and performs the rougher tasks.Concerning Cats
Helen M. Winslow
Perkins did the rougher work, and was always on hand when he was wanted.Beauty and The Beast, and Tales From Home
- severe towards
- unfortunate for (a person)
Word Origin for rough
Old English ruh "rough, coarse (of cloth); hairy, shaggy; untrimmed, uncultivated," from West Germanic *rukhwaz "shaggy, hairy, rough" (cf. Middle Dutch ruuch, Dutch ruig, Old High German ruher, German rauh), from Proto-Germanic *rukhaz, from PIE *reue- "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (cf. Sanskrit ruksah "rough;" Latin ruga "wrinkle," ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," ruina "a collapse;" Lithuanian raukas "wrinkle," rukti "to shrink").
The original -gh- sound was guttural, as in Scottish loch. Sense of "approximate" is first recorded c.1600. Of places, "riotous, disorderly, characterized by violent action," 1863. Rough draft is from 1690s. Rough-and-ready is from 1810, originally military; rough-and-tumble (1810) is from a style of free-fighting.
late 15c., from rough (adj.). Related: Roughed; roughing. Phrase rough it "submit to hardships" (1768) is originally nautical:
To lie rough; to lie all night in one's clothes: called also roughing it. Likewise to sleep on the bare deck of a ship, when the person is commonly advised to chuse the softest plank. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1788]
To rough out "shape or plan approximately" is from 1770. To rough up "make rough" is from 1763. To rough (someone) up "beat up, jostle violently" is from 1868. The U.S. football penalty roughing was originally a term from boxing (1866).
c.1200, "broken ground," from rough (adj.). Meaning "a rowdy" is first attested 1837. Specific sense in golf is from 1901. Phrase in the rough "in an unfinished or unprocessed condition" (of timber, etc.) is from 1819.
In addition to the idioms beginning with rough
- rough and ready
- rough and tumble
- rough it
- rough on, be
- rough out
- rough up
- diamond in the rough
- ride roughshod over
- take the rough with the smooth
- when the going gets rough