[ ruhb ]
See synonyms for: rubrubbedrubbing on

verb (used with object),rubbed, rub·bing.
  1. to subject the surface of (a thing or person) to pressure and friction, as in cleaning, smoothing, polishing, coating, massaging, or soothing: to rub a table top with wax polish; to rub the entire back area.

  2. to move (something) back and forth or with a rotary motion, as against or along another surface: to rub the cloth over the glass pane.

  1. to spread or apply (something) with pressure and friction over something else or a person: to rub lotion on her chapped hands.

  2. to move (two things) with pressure and friction over or back and forth over each other (often followed by together): He rubbed his hands together.

  3. to mark, polish, force, move, etc. (something) by pressure and friction (often followed by over, in, or into).

  4. to remove by pressure and friction; erase (often followed by off or out).

verb (used without object),rubbed, rub·bing.
  1. to exert pressure and friction on something.

  2. to move with pressure against something.

  1. to admit of being rubbed in a specified manner: Chalk rubs off easily.

  2. Chiefly British. to proceed, continue in a course, or keep going with effort or difficulty (usually followed by on, along, or through): He manages to rub along.

  1. an act or instance of rubbing: an alcohol rub.

  2. something that annoys or irritates one's feelings, as a sharp criticism, a sarcastic remark, or the like: to resent rubs concerning one's character.

  1. an annoying experience or circumstance.

  2. an obstacle, impediment, or difficulty: We'd like to travel, but the rub is that we have no money.

  3. a rough or abraded area caused by rubbing.

Verb Phrases
  1. rub down,

    • to smooth off, polish, or apply a coating to: to rub a chair down with sandpaper.

    • to give a massage to.

  2. rub off on, to become transferred or communicated to by example or association: Some of his good luck must have rubbed off on me.

  1. rub out,

    • to obliterate; erase.

    • Slang. to murder: They rubbed him out before he could get to the police.

Idioms about rub

  1. rub it in, Informal. to emphasize or reiterate something unpleasant in order to tease or annoy: The situation was embarrassing enough without having you rub it in.

  2. rub salt in / into someone's wounds. salt1 (def. 23).

  1. rub the wrong way, to irritate; offend; annoy: a manner that seemed to rub everyone the wrong way.

  2. rub up, British Informal. to refresh one's memory of (a subject, language, etc.).

Origin of rub

1300–50; 1860–65 for def. 18b; Middle English rubben (v.); cognate with Frisian rubben,Danish rubbe,Swedish rubba

Other words for rub

Other words from rub

  • un·rubbed, adjective
  • well-rubbed, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024

How to use rub in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for rub


/ (rʌb) /

verbrubs, rubbing or rubbed
  1. to apply pressure and friction to (something) with a circular or backward and forward motion

  2. to move (something) with pressure along, over, or against (a surface)

  1. to chafe or fray

  2. (tr) to bring into a certain condition by rubbing: rub it clean

  3. (tr) to spread with pressure, esp in order to cause to be absorbed: he rubbed ointment into his back

  4. (tr) to mix (fat) into flour with the fingertips, as in making pastry

  5. (foll by off, out, away, etc) to remove or be removed by rubbing

  6. bowls (of a bowl) to be slowed or deflected by an uneven patch on the green

  7. (tr often foll by together) to move against each other with pressure and friction (esp in the phrases rub one's hands, often a sign of glee, anticipation, or satisfaction, and rub noses, a greeting among Inuit people)

  8. rub someone's nose in it informal to remind someone unkindly of his failing or error

  9. rub up the wrong way to arouse anger (in); annoy

  10. rub shoulders with or rub elbows with informal to mix with socially or associate with

  1. the act of rubbing

  2. the rub an obstacle or difficulty (esp in the phrase there's the rub)

  1. something that hurts the feelings or annoys; rebuke

  2. bowls an uneven patch in the green

  3. any roughness or unevenness of surface

    • golf an incident of accidental interference with the ball

    • informal a piece of good or bad luck

Origin of rub

C15: perhaps from Low German rubben, of obscure origin

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Other Idioms and Phrases with rub


In addition to the idioms beginning with rub

  • rub down
  • rub elbows with
  • rub in
  • rub off on
  • rub one's hands
  • rub out
  • rub someone's nose in it
  • rub the wrong way
  • rub up on

also see:

  • the rub

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.