sardine

1
[ sahr-deen ]
/ sɑrˈdin /

noun, plural (especially collectively) sar·dine, (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) sar·dines.

the pilchard, Sardina pilchardus, often preserved in oil and used for food.
any of various similar, closely related fishes of the herring family Clupeidae.

Origin of sardine

1
1400–50; late Middle English sardeine < Middle French sardine < Latin sardīna, derivative of sarda sardine, noun use of feminine of Sardus Sardinian

Definition for sardine (2 of 2)

sardine

2
[ sahr-dahyn, -dn ]
/ ˈsɑr daɪn, -dn /

noun

Origin of sardine

2
1300–50; Middle English (< Late Latin sardīnus) < Greek sárdinos sardius
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sardine

British Dictionary definitions for sardine (1 of 2)

sardine

1
/ (sɑːˈdiːn) /

noun plural -dines or -dine

any of various small marine food fishes of the herring family, esp a young pilchardSee also sild
like sardines very closely crowded together

Word Origin for sardine

C15: via Old French from Latin sardīna, diminutive of sarda a fish suitable for pickling

British Dictionary definitions for sardine (2 of 2)

sardine

2
/ (ˈsɑːdiːn, -dən) /

noun

another name for sard

Word Origin for sardine

C14: from Late Latin sardinus, from Greek sardinos lithos Sardian stone, from Sardeis Sardis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sardine

sardine


n.

early 15c., from Latin sardina, from Greek sardine, sardinos, often said to be from Sardo "Sardinia" (see Sardinia), the Mediterranean island, near which the fish probably were caught and from which they were exported. But cf. Klein: "It is hardly probable that the Greeks would have obtained fish from so far as Sardinia at a time relatively so early as that of Aristotle, from whom Athenaios quotes a passage in which the fish sardinos is mentioned." Colloquial phrase packed like sardines (in a tin) is recorded from 1911.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with sardine

sardine


see packed in like sardines.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.