Origin of Saxon
Examples from the Web for saxon
According to neighbor David Taubin, Sanderlin and her two daughters have been living at 193 Saxon Woods Road for about a year.‘Weeds’ Come to Life? Scarsdale Mom Arrested in Massive Pot Bust|Winston Ross, Eliza Shapiro|June 6, 2013|DAILY BEAST
New Saxon calls itself a “social networking site for people of European descent”; others have called it Facebook for neo-Nazis.Sikh Temple Shooting Returns Attention To Military’s White Power Problem|Jesse Ellison|August 13, 2012|DAILY BEAST
Bar none, the poshest place to stay is Saxon Boutique Hotel, Villas and Spa in Sandhurst.
This charter, which is in the Saxon language, is still preserved in the British Museum.Chelsea|George Bryan
The village is very ancient, and was called Kimeton in Saxon days.Hertfordshire|Herbert W Tompkins
There is that in the Saxon race that makes it discontented, even with success.The Bishop of Cottontown|John Trotwood Moore
So fell the last of the Saxon kings, and so arose the Norman race.Brave Men and Women|O.E. Fuller
We are the sons, through thee, of royal heroes; through my father, of Saxon freemen.Harold, Complete|Edward Bulwer-Lytton
- the Low German dialect of Saxony
- any of the West Germanic dialects spoken by the ancient Saxons or their descendants
Word Origin for Saxon
c.1200, from Late Latin Saxonem (nominative Saxo; also source of French Saxon, Spanish Sajon, Italian Sassone), usually found in plural Saxones, from a Germanic source (cf. Old English Seaxe, Old High German Sahsun, German Sachse "Saxon"), with a possible literal sense of "swordsmen" (cf. Old English seax, Old Frisian, Old Norse sax "knife, short sword, dagger," Old High German Saxnot, name of a war-god), from Proto-Germanic *sahsam "knife," from PIE *sek- "to cut" (see section (n.)).
The word figures in the well-known story, related by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who got it from Nennius, of the treacherous slaughter by the Anglo-Saxons of their British hosts:
Accordingly they all met at the time and place appointed, and began to treat of peace; and when a fit opportunity offered for executing his villany, Hengist cried out, "Nemet oure Saxas," and the same instant seized Vortigern, and held him by his cloak. The Saxons, upon the signal given, drew their daggers, and falling upon the princes, who little suspected any such design, assassinated them to the number of four hundred and sixty barons and consuls ....
The OED editors helpfully point out that the correct Old English (with an uninflected plural) would be nimað eowre seax. For other Germanic national names that may have derived from characteristic tribal weapons, cf. Frank, Lombard. As an adjective from 1560s. Still in 20c. used by Celtic speakers to mean "an Englishman" (cf. Welsh Sais, plural Seison "an Englishman;" Seisoneg "English").
In reference to the modern German state of Saxony (German Sachsen, French Saxe) it is attested from 1630s. Saxon is the source of the -sex in Essex, Sussex, etc. (cf. Middlesex, from Old English Middel-Seaxe "Middle Saxons"). Bede distinguished the Anglo-Saxons, who conquered much of southern Britain, from the Ealdesaxe "Old Saxons," who stayed in Germany.