- that part of a column or pier between the base and capital.
- any distinct, slender, vertical masonry feature engaged in a wall or pier and usually supporting or feigning to support an arch or vault.
verb (used with object)
- shaft alley,
- shaft feather,
- shaft grave,
- shaft horsepower,
- shaft house
Origin of shaft
Examples from the Web for shafted
We can summarize the three and a half hours of Oscars content for shafted viewers.ABC Promised to Livestream the Oscars and Totally Failed|Amy Zimmerman|March 3, 2014|DAILY BEAST
LEO You are acutely aware of situations in which you feel, frankly, shafted.
There were simple round-arched, shafted windows in each bay, and the clerestory was finished like the aisle with a corbel-table.Some Account of Gothic Architecture in Spain|George Edmund Street
The scene is shifting, the stage is dark'ning—a strange eclipse obscures the shafted light!Selected Works of Voltairine de Cleyre|Voltairine de Cleyre
Its arches rest on four shafted columns, somewhat Gothic in character, and crowned with capitals distinctly Turkish.Byzantine Churches in Constantinople|Alexander Van Millingen
At each angle of the crossing are masses of shafted piers, connected by wide and lofty rounded arches.The Ground Plan of the English Parish Church|A. Hamilton Thompson
Le Borgne shifts his spread feet, mutters a guttural grunt, and puffs out his torch; but the shafted flame reveals his shadow.Heralds of Empire|Agnes C. Laut
- the middle part (diaphysis) of a long bone
- the main portion of any elongated structure or part
Word Origin for shaft
Old English sceaft "long, slender rod, staff, pole; spear-shaft; spear," from Proto-Germanic *skaftaz (cf. Old Norse skapt, Old Saxon skaft, Old High German scaft, German schaft, Dutch schacht, not found in Gothic), which some connect with a Germanic passive past participle of PIE root *(s)kep- "to cut, to scrape" (cf. Old English scafan "to shave, scrape, polish") on notion of "tree branch stripped of its bark." But cf. Latin scapus "shaft, stem, shank," Greek skeptron "a staff" (see scepter) which appear to be cognates.
Meaning "beam or ray" (of light, etc.) is attested from c.1300. Sense of "an arrow" is from c.1400; that of "a handle" from 1520s. Mechanical sense is from 1680s. Vulgar slang meaning "penis" first recorded 1719 on notion of "columnar part" (late 14c.); hence probably shaft (v.) and the related noun sense "act of unfair treatment" (1959), though some early sources insist this is from the notion of a "wound."
"long, narrow passage sunk into the earth," early 15c., probably from shaft (n.1) on notion of "long and cylindrical," perhaps as a translation of cognate Low German schacht in this sense (Grimm's suggestion, though OED is against it). Or it may represent a separate (unrecorded) development in Old English directly from Proto-Germanic *skaftaz if the original sense is "scrape, dig." The slang sense of shaft (n.1) is punned upon in country music song "She Got the Gold Mine, I Got the Shaft," a hit for Jerry Reed in 1982.
"treat cruelly and unfairly," by 1958, perhaps from shaft (n.1) with overtones of sodomy. Related: Shafted; shafting.