verb (used without object), shook, shak·en, shak·ing.
verb (used with object), shook, shak·en, shak·ing.
- to cause to descend by shaking; bring down.
- to cause to settle.
- to condition; test: to shake down a ship.
- Informal.to extort money from.
- Slang.to search (someone), especially to detect concealed weapons.
- to rid oneself of; reject.
- to get away from; leave behind.
- Baseball, Softball.(of a pitcher) to indicate rejection of (a sign by the catcher for a certain pitch) by shaking the head or motioning with the glove.
- to shake in order to mix or loosen.
- to upset; jar.
- to agitate mentally or physically: The threat of attack has shaken up the entire country.
- to hurry up; get a move on: You'd better shake a leg or we'll miss the first act.
- to dance.
- to indicate disapproval, disagreement, negation, or uncertainty by turning one's head from one side to the other and back: I asked him if he knew the answer, but he just shook his head.
- to indicate approval, agreement, affirmation or acceptance by nodding one's head up and down.
Origin of shake
Synonyms for shake
Examples from the Web for shaken
Contemporary Examples of shaken
The teenager was shaken by the incident, and his father remembers having to console him for hours that day.In Jerusalem Home Demolitions, the Biblical Justice of Revenge
November 25, 2014
“This has shaken me up, of course,” Aielli told reporters Friday as she went back to work.Days of Mafia Mayhem Are Wracking Italy Once Again
Barbie Latza Nadeau
November 22, 2014
The Houthis have done exactly this and have shaken the already fragile government of Yemen to its foundations.Yemen’s a Model All Right—For Disaster
Michael Shank , Casey Harrity
November 14, 2014
In a world where the dead feed upon the living, many have been shaken out of their faith.The Walking Dead’s Luke Skywalker: Rick Grimes Is the Perfect Modern-Day Mythical Hero
October 28, 2014
Just then Grozny was shaken by a powerful blast, reminiscent of the explosions of the past.Ramzan Kadyrov: The Man Between Putin and ISIS
October 8, 2014
Historical Examples of shaken
This to the same tune, till every hand had been shaken by every one of the company.Harriet, The Moses of Her People
Sarah H. Bradford
Men boiled out of the village like hornets out of a shaken nest.Way of the Lawless
She stood a little drooping and shaken, where for a moment she had been erect and tensed.
Her voice was shaken with a great dread as she called out to them.
His conversation seemed to be shaken out of him by the trotting of the horse.In the Midst of Alarms
verb shakes, shaking, shook or shaken (ˈʃeɪkən)
Word Origin for shake
of persons, "weakened and agitated by shocks," 1640s, past participle adjective from shake (v.).
Old English sceacan "move (something) quickly to and fro, brandish; move the body or a part of it rapidly back and forth;" also "go, glide, hasten, flee, depart" (cf. sceacdom "flight"); of persons or parts of the body, "to tremble" especially from fever, cold, fear" (class VI strong verb; past tense scoc, past participle scacen), from Proto-Germanic *skakanan (cf. Old Norse, Swedish skaka, Danish skage "to shift, turn, veer"). No certain cognates outside Germanic, but some suggest a possible connection to Sanskrit khaj "to agitate, churn, stir about," Old Church Slavonic skoku "a leap, bound," Welsh ysgogi "move."
Of the earth in earthquakes, c.1300. Meaning "seize and shake (someone or something else)" is from early 14c. In reference to mixing ingredients, etc., by shaking a container from late 14c. Meaning "to rid oneself of by abrupt twists" is from c.1200, also in Middle English in reference to evading responsibility, etc. Meaning "weaken, impair" is from late 14c., on notion of "make unstable."
To shake hands dates from 1530s. Shake a (loose) leg "hurry up" first recorded 1904; shake a heel (sometimes foot) was an old way to say "to dance" (1660s); to shake (one's) elbow (1620s) meant "to gamble at dice." Phrase more _____ than you can shake a stick at is attested from 1818, American English. To shake (one's) head as a sign of disapproval is recorded from c.1300.
late 14c., "charge, onrush," from shake (v.). Meaning "a hard shock" is from 1560s. From 1580s as "act of shaking;" 1660s as "irregular vibration." The hand-grip salutation so called by 1712. As a figure of instantaneous action, it is recorded from 1816. Phrase fair shake "honest deal" is attested from 1830, American English. The shakes "nervous agitation" is from 1620s. Short for milk shake from 1911. Dismissive phrase no great shakes (1816, Byron) perhaps is from dicing.
In addition to the idioms beginning with shake
- shake a leg
- shake a stick at
- shake down
- shake hands
- shake in one's boots
- shake off
- shake one's head
- shake someone's tree
- shake the dust from one's feet
- shake up
- shake with laughter
- all shook (shaken) up
- fair shake
- in two shakes
- more than one can shake a stick at
- movers and shakers
- no great shakes
- quake (shake) in one's boots