noun, plural shots or for 6, 8, shot.

verb (used with object), shot·ted, shot·ting.

to load or supply with shot.
to weight with shot.

verb (used without object), shot·ted, shot·ting.

to manufacture shot, as in a shot tower.


    by a long shot. long shot(def 4).
    call one's shots, Informal. to indicate beforehand what one intends to do and how one intends to do it.
    call the shots, Informal. to have the power or authority to make decisions or control policy: Now that he's chairman of the board, he calls the shots.
    have/take a shot at, make an attempt at: I'll have a shot at solving the problem.
    like a shot, instantly; quickly: He bolted out of here like a shot.
    shot in the arm, Informal. something that results in renewed vigor, confidence, etc.; stimulus: Her recent promotion has given her a shot in the arm. The new members gave the club a shot in the arm.
    shot in the dark, Informal. a wild guess; a random conjecture.

Origin of shot

before 900; Middle English; Old English sc(e)ot, (ge)sceot; cognate with German Schoss, Geschoss; akin to shoot1
Related formsshot·less, adjectiveshot·like, adjective

Synonyms for shot

15. chance, go, essay.




simple past tense and past participle of shoot1.


woven so as to present a play of colors; having a changeable color; variegated, as silk.
spread or streaked with color: the dawn sky shot with gold.
in hopelessly bad condition; ruined: Those sneakers are really shot. His morale is shot.
Slang. intoxicated.



verb (used with object), shot, shoot·ing.

to hit, wound, damage, kill, or destroy with a missile discharged from a weapon.
to execute or put to death with a bullet: to be shot at sunrise.
to send forth or discharge (a missile) from a weapon: to shoot a bullet.
to discharge (a weapon): to shoot a gun.
to send forth (words, ideas, etc.) rapidly: to shoot questions at someone.
to fling; propel: The volcano shot lava high into the air.
to direct suddenly or swiftly: Shoot the spotlight on the doorway. He shot a smile at his wife.
to move suddenly; send swiftly along.
to go over (country) in hunting game.
to pass rapidly through, over, down, etc.: to shoot rapids.
to emit (a ray or rays, as of light) suddenly, briefly, or intermittently.
to variegate by threads, streaks, etc., of another color.
to cause to extend or project: He shot out his arm and grabbed the ball.
to discharge or empty, as down a chute: Do not shoot rubbish here!
  1. to throw, kick, or otherwise propel (a ball, puck, etc.), as at a goal or teammate.
  2. to score (a goal, points, etc.) by propelling the ball, puck, etc.
Games. to propel (a marble) from the crook or first knuckle of the forefinger by flicking with the thumb.
(in dice games)
  1. to throw (the dice or a specific number).
  2. to wager or offer to bet (a sum of money): I'll shoot ten bucks.
Photography. to photograph or film.
to put forth (buds, branches, etc.), as a plant.
to slide (a bolt or the like) into or out of its fastening.
to pull (one's cuffs) abruptly toward one's hands.
Golf. to make a final score of (so many strokes): He shot a 73 on the first 18 holes of the tournament.
to take the altitude of (a heavenly body): to shoot the sun.
to detonate; cause to explode, as a charge of explosives.
Aeronautics. to practice (a maneuver) by repetition: to shoot landings.
Slang. to inject (an addictive drug) intravenously.

verb (used without object), shot, shoot·ing.

to send forth missiles from a bow, firearm, or the like.
to be discharged, as a firearm.
to hunt with a gun for sport: He fishes, but he doesn't shoot.
to move or pass suddenly or swiftly; spurt: The car shot ahead and was soon out of sight.
Nautical. to acquire momentum and coast into the wind, as a sailboat in a confined area.
to grow forth from the ground, as a stem.
to put forth buds or shoots, as a plant; germinate.
Photography. to photograph.
Movies. to film or begin to film a scene or movie.
to extend; jut: a cape shooting out into the sea.
Sports, Games.
  1. to propel a ball, puck, etc., at a goal, basket, pocket, etc., or in a specific direction: He shot for the green with a five iron.
  2. to propel a ball in a specific way: The center shoots left-handed.
to be felt by or flow through or permeate the body: Pain shot through his injured arm. Chills shot up and down her spine.
to carry by force of discharge or momentum: The missile left its pad and shot thousands of miles into space.
Informal. to begin, especially to begin to talk: I want to hear your complaint, so shoot!


the act of shooting with a bow, firearm, etc.
Chiefly British. a hunting trip or expedition.
a match or contest at shooting.
a growing or sprouting, as of a plant.
a new or young growth that shoots off from some portion of a plant.
the amount of such growth.
a young branch, stem, twig, or the like.
a sprout that is not three feet high.
a chute.
Rocketry. the launching of a missile.
Informal. a photographic assignment or session, as for a feature film or a television commercial: The actress is away on a shoot.
Rowing. the interval between strokes.
  1. a small tunnel branching off from a larger tunnel.
  2. a narrow vein of ore.

Verb Phrases

shoot down,
  1. to cause to fall by hitting with a shot: They shot down several ducks.
  2. disparage, reject, or expose as false or inadequate; debunk: to shoot down a popular theory.
shoot for/at, to attempt to obtain or accomplish; strive toward: He is shooting for a higher production level.
shoot up,
  1. to grow rapidly or suddenly.
  2. damage or harass by reckless shooting: cowboys shooting up the town.
  3. to wound by shooting: He shot up the lion, but his guide killed it.
  4. inject an addictive drug intravenously.


    shoot from the hip, to act or speak without due consideration or deliberation.
    shoot off one's mouth/face, Slang.
    1. to talk indiscreetly, especially to reveal confidences, make thoughtless remarks, etc.
    2. to exaggerate: He likes to shoot off his mouth about what a great guy he is.
    shoot one's bolt. bolt1(def 29).
    shoot one's wad. wad1(def 13).
    shoot the breeze. breeze1(def 11).
    shoot the bull. bull3(def 2).
    shoot the works. work(def 55).

Origin of shoot

before 900; Middle English shoten (v.), Old English scēotan; cognate with Dutch schieten, German schiessen, Old Norse skjōta; akin to shot1

Synonyms for shoot Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for shot

Contemporary Examples of shot

Historical Examples of shot

British Dictionary definitions for shot




the act or an instance of discharging a projectile
plural shot a solid missile, such as an iron ball or a lead pellet, discharged from a firearm
  1. small round pellets of lead collectively, as used in cartridges
  2. metal in the form of coarse powder or small pellets
the distance that a discharged projectile travels or is capable of travelling
a person who shoots, esp with regard to his abilityhe is a good shot
informal an attempt; effort
informal a guess or conjecture
any act of throwing or hitting something, as in certain sports
the launching of a rocket, missile, etc, esp to a specified destinationa moon shot
  1. a single photographI took 16 shots of the wedding
  2. a series of frames on cine film concerned with a single event
  3. a length of film taken by a single camera without breaks, used with others to build up a full motion picture or television film
informal an injection, as of a vaccine or narcotic drug
informal a glass of alcoholic drink, esp spirits
sport a heavy metal ball used in the shot put
an explosive charge used in blasting
globules of metal occurring in the body of a casting that are harder than the rest of the casting
a unit of chain length equal to 75 feet (Brit) or 90 feet (US)
call the shots slang to have control over an organization, course of action, etc
have a shot at informal
  1. to attempt
  2. Australianto jibe at or vex
like a shot very quickly, esp willingly
shot in the arm informal anything that regenerates, increases confidence or efficiency, etchis arrival was a shot in the arm for the company
shot in the dark a wild guess
that's the shot Australian informal that is the right thing to do

verb shots, shotting or shotted

(tr) to weight or load with shot

Word Origin for shot

Old English scot; related to Old Norse skot, Old High German scoz missile; see shoot




the past tense and past participle of shoot


(of textiles) woven to give a changing colour effectshot silk
streaked with colour
slang exhausted
get shot of or get shut of slang to get rid of


verb shoots, shooting or shot

(tr) to hit, wound, damage, or kill with a missile discharged from a weapon
to discharge (a missile or missiles) from a weapon
to fire (a weapon) or (of a weapon) to be fired
to send out or be sent out as if from a weaponhe shot questions at her
(intr) to move very rapidly; dart
(tr) to slide or push into or out of a fasteningto shoot a bolt
to emit (a ray of light) or (of a ray of light) to be emitted
(tr) to go or pass quickly over or throughto shoot rapids
(intr) to hunt game with a gun for sport
(tr) to pass over (an area) in hunting game
to extend or cause to extend; project
(tr) to discharge down or as if down a chute
(intr) (of a plant) to produce (buds, branches, etc)
(intr) (of a seed) to germinate
to photograph or record (a sequence, subject, etc)
(tr; usually passive) to variegate or streak, as with colour
sport to hit or propel (the ball, etc) towards the goal
(tr) sport, mainly US and Canadian to score (points, strokes, etc)he shot 72 on the first round
(tr) to plane (a board) to produce a straight edge
(tr) mining to detonate
(tr) to measure the altitude of (a celestial body)
(often foll by up) slang to inject (someone, esp oneself) with (a drug, esp heroin)
shoot a line See line 1 (def. 58)
shoot from the hip to speak bluntly or impulsively without concern for the consequences
shoot one's bolt See bolt 1 (def. 13)
shoot oneself in the foot informal to damage one's own cause inadvertently
shoot one's mouth off slang
  1. to talk indiscreetly
  2. to boast or exaggerate
shoot the breeze See breeze 1 (def. 5)


the act of shooting
the action or motion of something that is shot
the first aerial part of a plant to develop from a germinating seed
any new growth of a plant, such as a bud, young branch, etc
mainly British a meeting or party organized for hunting game with guns
an area or series of coverts and woods where game can be hunted with guns
a steep descent in a stream; rapid
informal a photographic assignment
geology mining a narrow workable vein of ore
obsolete the reach of a shot
the whole shoot slang everything


US and Canadian an exclamation expressing disbelief, scepticism, disgust, disappointment, etc

Word Origin for shoot

Old English sceōtan; related to Old Norse skjōta, Old High German skiozan to shoot, Old Slavonic iskydati to throw out
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for shot

Old English scot, sceot "a shot, a shooting, an act of shooting; that which is discharged in shooting, what is shot forth; darting, rapid motion," from Proto-Germanic *skutan (cf. Old Norse skutr, Old Frisian skete, Middle Dutch scote, German Schuß "a shot"), related to sceotan "to shoot" (see shoot (v.)).

Meaning "discharge of a bow, missile," also is from related Old English gesceot. Extended to other projectiles in Middle English, and to sports (hockey, basketball, etc.) 1868. Another original meaning, "payment" (perhaps literally "money thrown down") is preserved in scot-free. "Throwing down" might also have led to the meaning "a drink," first attested 1670s, the more precise meaning "small drink of straight liquor" by 1928 (shot glass by 1955). Camera view sense is from 1958. Sense of "hypodermic injection" first attested 1904; figurative phrase shot in the arm "stimulant" first recorded 1922. Meaning "try, attempt" is from 1756; sense of "remark meant to wound" is recorded from 1841. Meaning "an expert in shooting" is from 1780. To call the shots "control events, make decisions" is American English, 1922, perhaps from sport shooting. Shot in the dark "uninformed guess" is from 1885. Big shot "important person" is from 1861.


early 15c., past participle adjective from from shoot (v.). Meaning "wounded or killed by a bullet or other projectile" is from 1837. Figurative sense "ruined, worn out" is from 1833.



Old English sceotan "to hurl missiles, cast; strike, hit, push; run, rush; send forth swiftly; wound with missiles" (class II strong verb; past tense sceat, past participle scoten), from Proto-Germanic *skeutanan (cf. Old Saxon skiotan, Old Norse skjota "to shoot with (a weapon); shoot, launch, push, shove quickly," Old Frisian skiata, Middle Dutch skieten, Dutch schieten, Old High German skiozan, German schießen), from PIE root *skeud- "to shoot, to chase, to throw, to project" (cf. Sanskrit skundate "hastens, makes haste," Old Church Slavonic iskydati "to throw out," Lithuanian skudrus "quick, nimble").

In reference to pool playing, from 1926. Meaning "to strive (for)" is from 1967, American English. Sense of "descend (a river) quickly" is from 1610s. Meaning "to inject by means of a hypodermic needle" is attested from 1914. Meaning "photograph" (especially a movie) is from 1890. As an interjection, an arbitrary euphemistic alteration of shit, it is recorded from 1934. Shoot the breeze "chat" first recorded 1941. Shoot-'em-up (adj.) in reference to violent entertainment (Western movies, etc.) is from 1942. Shoot to kill first attested 1867. Shoot the cat "to vomit" is from 1785. To shoot the moon originally meant "depart by night with ones goods to escape back rent" (1829).

O, 'tis cash makes such crowds to the gin shops roam,
And 'tis cash often causes a rumpus at home ;
'Tis when short of cash people oft shoot the moon ;
And 'tis cash always keeps our pipes in tune.
Cash! cash! &c.

["The Melodist and Mirthful Olio, An Elegant Collection of the Most Popular Songs," vol. IV, London, 1829]



"young branch of a tree or plant," mid-15c., from shoot (v.). Also "heavy, sudden rush of water" (1610s); "artificial channel for water running down" (1707); "conduit for coal, etc." (1844).



1530s, "an act of shooting;" 1852 as "a shooting match or party," from shoot (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

shot in Medicine




A hypodermic injection.
A small amount given or applied at one time.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

shot in Science



The part of a vascular plant that is above ground, including the stem and leaves. The tips of shoots contain the apical meristem.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with shot


In addition to the idioms beginning with shot

  • shot in the arm, a
  • shot in the dark
  • shot to hell
  • shot up

also see:

  • big cheese (shot)
  • call the shots
  • cheap shot
  • give it one's best shot
  • have a crack (shot) at
  • like a shot
  • long shot
  • parting shot

Also see undershoot.


In addition to the idioms beginning with shoot

  • shoot down
  • shoot for
  • shoot from the hip
  • shoot off one's mouth
  • shoot one's bolt
  • shoot oneself in the foot
  • shoot straight
  • shoot the breeze
  • shoot the works
  • shoot up

also see:

  • like shooting fish in a barrel
  • sure as shooting
  • whole ball of wax (shooting match)

Also see undershot.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.